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The Study of the Related Factors for the Undergraduate Students’ Adjustments to Dormitories’ Life
Adjustment of Life in Dorm
The objective of this study is to examine factors related to university students’ necessary adjustments to life in dormitories’ accommodations. It examines the students’ adjustments to dormitories’ life at current time, the students’ perception of dorms’ social climate, different personal factors involved, necessary adjustments in students’ life derived from dorms’ environment factors, differences in students’ perception of dorms’ social climate and an examination of the relationship of between the adjustments for dorms’ accommodations and the perception of dorms’ social climate. Following, the study will offer suggestions based on survey’s findings and research results that can serve as reference for dormitories guidance and rooms allocations, carried by departments responsible for students’ affairs. The study uses survey research methodology, that includes a questionnaire titled “A Survey of the Adjustments required for dormitories’ accommodations and Perception of Dorms’ Social Climate”, based on relevant questionnaire compiled by specialists and researchers’ experience with students affairs work. The study uses undergraduate students living in National Taiwan University’s Dormitories as its study objects and includes 602 valid questionnaires. The questionnaires were divided into four sections: the first section deals with the adjustments for life in the Dorms and includes the following five aspects: Interpersonal Communication, Living Conditions, Emotional Adjustments, Accommodation Adjustments and Study Adjustments; The second section deals with perception of the social atmosphere in the dorms and includes the following ten orientations: Involvement , Support, Independence, Traditional Social Orientation, Competition, Academic Achievement, Intellectuality, Order and Organization, Student Influence and Innovation; The Third section includes open questions about student’s personal experience in Dorms’ accommodation; The fourth section includes two categories of information about the student – student’s Personal Information (such as sex, age, faculty, ID number, Family’s address, Family’s socio-economical status, time of accommodation in Dorms, the degree of involvement in Dorms’ decision making) and dorms’ Environment Information (such as Dorms’ category, Number of people in room, existence of Curfew Policy). This study sums up the following six conclusions: 1. In the course of adjustments to life in Dormitories, National Taiwan University’s undergraduates adjust best to “Interpersonal Communication”, and least to “Accommodation Adjustments”. 2. National Taiwan University’s undergraduates perceive the atmosphere of Dorms life as “Independent”, “Support” and “Innovation”, and not “Competition”, “Traditional Social Orientation”, “Intellectuality” nor “Academic Achievement”. 3. National Taiwan University’s undergraduates with different Personal Information (Sex, Age, Time of accommodation in Dorms, Degree of involvement in Dorms’ decision making) and different Environment Information (Dorms’ category, Existence of Curfew Policy) show different results in aspects related to Adjustment of Life. 4. National Taiwan University’s undergraduates with different Personal Information (Sex, Age, ID number, Family’s address, Time of accommodation in Dorms, The degree of involvement in Dorms’ decision making) and Environment Information (Dorms’ category, Number of people in room, Existence of Curfew Policy) show differences in their perception of different aspects related to the social climate in the dorms. 5. There seems to be an obvious correlation between the adjustments to life in dorms and dorm’s social climate. 6. The students think that the most difficult aspect to adjust in Dorms’ Life is the unsynchronized break time and differences in character between roommates that make joint life and mutual communication difficult. Therefore, rooms allocation method should enable free selection; actively organize students’ activities, in order to enhance the solidarity and fellowship between students who live in the dorms and the dorms’ centrality, and hence to improve the social climate in the dormitories.
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