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Stages of exercise
The purpose of this study was to explore the stages of exercise and their influential factors among college students. The subject chosen were from one of institute of health science technology. A closed self-report questionnaire was conducted to collect data during Sep 2003 for baseline data, and Mar 2004 for follow-up data. The data was analyzed with frequency, Chi-square test, t-test, One-way ANOVA and multiple regression the results are as followed: 1. The subjects were males 23.5%(n=241) and females 76.5% (n=786) a total 1027. The mean age was 19.27±1.03, and BMI was 20.85±3.47. 21.2% of subjects participant in exercise groups, 41.9% work part time, 42% have suffered sport injuries, and 12.6% feel that their self-health condition is better than others. 2. The stages of exercise, in baseline data there were 14.6% that are precontemplation; 42.6% are contemplation; 23.5% are preparation; 10.5% are action and 8.8% are maintenance. After 6 months the follow-up results there were 16.2% that are precontemplation ; 40.0% are contemplation ; 22.2% are preparation ; 15.4% are action and 6.2% are maintenance. According to the results the stages movement varied, the new stages of exercise classification to the following groups and the percentages were 13.0% are “stable active”; 30.0% are “adapter”; 30.6% are “relapser” and 26.5% are “stable sedentary”. The stages of distribution and movement were correlated with gender and health status perception. 3. Gender, work, and sports injury, are correlation with the amount of total physical activity. The total amount of physical activity during the weekend was higher thanweekday activity. The stages of exercise were influential factors to physical activity. 4. The processes of change were correlated with the stages of exercise. The early stage used processes of change less than the later stage. 5. Self-efficacy for exercise, and pros, increased with stages of exercise, and the cons decreased with stages of exercise. Self-efficacy for exercise, processes of change, and gender are major predictors for baseline stages of exercise. Enjoyment of exercise, self-efficacy for exercise, sports tools, gender, sports injury, and health status perception. are major predictors for follow-up stages of exercise. The total explaining 34.3% variation for baseline data and 40.1% variation for follow up data. Finally, in order to promote physical activity among college students, the results of the study suggest that health promotional programs be developed and evaluated according to the various stages of exercise.
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