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The Effects from the Noise of Campus to Logistic Test and Results of Students Learning
The main purposes of this study were to investigate the changes of noises in campus among different situations, the influences of learning effects by using microphones from teachers, and to explore the influences of current noises in subjective audition, physiology and psychology from teachers and students. To understand the correlated factors and influent degree of teaching quality ,logistic test and learning effects in campus noise. The purposive sampling method was adopted in selecting the subjects of 443 students, 60 teachers and 2 classrooms from Rui-Feng elementary school located in Taichung County. The data were collected by on-the-spot measurements, numerical tasks and questionnaires that adopt SPSS/Windows 10.0 version, summary statistics, frequency distribution, paired-samples T test and one-way ANOVA for data analysis. The major results of this study are as follows： 1.After the background noise around classroom measured, the results showed the average unoccupied noise level at classroom was 47.4 dB（A） and occupied noise level on classroom was 53.4 dB（A）. Both fits in with the recommended figures of background noise level on classroom by Ministry of Education. 2.The noises around occupied classroom while teaching activity undertaken or not, physical education or any activity proceeded on athletic ground, teachers microphones used or not and numerical tasks, all of them have achieved significant differences. 3.Both of the performance and correct of numerical tasks have achieved significant difference. 4.The current situations of school with subjective physiologically, and psychologic- ally, and teaching quality on teachers, all of them have achieved significant effect. The current situations of school with subjective acoustically, physiologically, psychologically, and learning effect on students, all of them have achieved significant effect. 5.The subjects showed their subjective feeling on the noise of school environment were serious. For the aspects of the sources of the current noise, there are about 70 percent of teachers and 50 percent of students who think it from gymnastics after class, broadcast system, and microphones used by neighboring teachers. For the extent of severity and impression to the origins of noises, there are about 90 percent of teachers think it “very bad” and “cannot stand”, 70 percent of teachers considered transferring to another post. In the aspect of teachers using microphones, there are about 50 percent of teachers had used and nearly a half of unused teachers consider microphone use. Microphone using or not during class has been proved little influences on teachers’ acoustic, physiological, psychological situations and teaching quality. 6.To the effect of the noise from school environment to the influences of subjective feeling with teachers. About 90 percent of teachers feel ear unwell, must talk and listen to their colleagues more attentively, feel tired easily, feel throat unwell because of speaking louder against the noise from outside of the classroom, feel upset and cannot focus, feel attention dispersed and mood fretful, think the noise from school influenced teaching situation so serious and must enhance volume frequently or stop lecturing for the time being. The effect situations including: cannot concentrate on teaching and affect the concentration of students. 7.To the effect of the noise from school environment to the influences of subjective feeling with students. About 60 percent of students feel ear unwell, nearly 40 percent of students feel tired easily, 50 percent of students feel throat unwell because of speaking louder against the noise from outside of the classroom. About 70 percent of students feel attention dispersed and mood fretful. To the influences on learning results of students, about 70 percent of students feel the noise from school influenced learning situations so serious. They cannot concentrate on listening a lecture and doing schoolwork. According to this study and research consequence, we would like to raise suggestions as follows: at broadcast system and microphones using of teachers must be careful, executing education of environment, such as speaking softly and walking slowly, and building up schools with the selections of the materials of absorbing noise. Future I suggest to face sports ground for reducing the reverberation problem. Furthermore, we hope through this study that the correlated personnel of schools and those are concerned about education can think of the appropriate occasions for education, so that we can expect to provide a healthy teaching and learning environment for teachers and students.
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