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Title: 城鄉國中生睡眠品質與睡眠規律性相關因素研究
Sleep Quality and Sleep Regularity and Related Factors among Urban and Rural Junior High School Students
Authors: 賴香如
Hsiang-Ru Lai
Yu-Siang Jhang
Keywords: 城鄉
urban and rural areas
junior high school students
sleep quality
sleep regularity
Issue Date: 2012
Abstract: 目的: 瞭解城鄉國中生睡眠品質及睡眠規律性的現況,再探討與比較城鄉國中生睡眠品質、睡眠規律性之相關因素及差異。 方法: 採兩步驟抽樣方式選取臺北市和花蓮縣各3所中、大型學校,再依照每所學校各年級的班級數各選取四分之一,並以各班所有學生為調查樣本,結構式問卷為工具,共發出2,160份,得有效問卷1,796份(83.2%)。 結果: 大約六成研究對象睡眠品質不良,城鄉國中生並無差異(t =1.51,p>.05)。研究對象週間及週間週末睡眠時間點變異大,週間及週間週末睡眠量變異介於2-3時之間,且臺北市國中生的睡眠較不規律。 性別、年級、用電腦習慣、看電視習慣、自覺健康狀況、晚間與同學聯繫情形、家中睡眠環境、家庭關係、人際壓力、學業壓力是臺北市國中生睡眠品質之重要因素,解釋變異量為25.7%;而自覺健康狀況、看電視習慣、家庭關係、家中睡眠環境、家人睡眠行為、人際壓力、學業壓力、社區安靜程度是花蓮縣國中生睡眠品質之重要因素,解釋變異量為27.0%。另外,性別、年級、用電腦習慣、家人睡眠行為、人際壓力是臺北市國中生睡眠規律性之重要因素,解釋變異量介於3.3- 11.6%間;年級、用電腦習慣、看電視習慣、晚間與同學聯繫情形、人際壓力、學業壓力是花蓮縣國中生睡眠規律性之重要因素,解釋變異量介於4.0- 9.8%間。
Objectives The purpose of the study was to assess and compare sleep quality and regularity and its related factors among urban and rural junior high school students in Taiwan. Methed By two-stage random stratified sampling, 1,796(83.2%) participants selected from six junion high school schools in Taipei and Hualien provided valid data with self-admininstered structural questionnaire. that represented as urban and rural students. Data was collected by a struction quastioair. Result About 60% of participants had poor quality of sleep and there was no significant difference between urban and rural students. The sleep-wake patterns of weekdays and weekend varied highly with 2-3 hours time difference, and sleep pattern of urban student was more irregular than that of rural students. Grade, gender, using computer, watching TV, health status, contacting with friends at night, sleeping environment, family relationship, interpersonal stress, and academic stress were important factors of sleep quality of urban students and accounted for 25.7 % variance. Watching TV, perceived health status, family relationship, sleeping environment, sleeping behavior of the family, interpersonal stress, academic stress and quietness of the community were related factors of sleep quality of rural students and accounted for 27.0 % variance. Gender, grade, using computer, sleeping behavior of the family, and interpersonal stress and academic stress were related factors of sleep regularity of urban students and accounted for 3.3- 11.6% variance. Grade, using computer, watching TV, contacting with friends at night, interpersonal stress, and academic stress were important factors of sleep regularity and accounted for 4.0- 9.8% variance.
Other Identifiers: GN0698050162
Appears in Collections:學位論文

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