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A study on the metabolic syndrome preventive behavior of the overweight students in senior high school— The application of Health Belief Model
Health Belief Model
二、 研究對象之「代謝症候群知識」為中等程度（68.9％），自覺代謝症候群嚴重性和利益性偏高，但罹患性和預防代謝症候群自我效能偏低，且預防代謝症候群的行動線索偏少（x= 3.86），主要以電視和媒體為主。
三、 研究對象預防代謝症候群行為與自覺代謝症候群罹患性（r= -.176）及障礙性（r= -.365）呈負相關，但與代謝症候群知識（r= .145）、自我效能呈正相關（r= .406）。
Based on Health Belief Model, this study explored the relationships between background, health beliefs, cues to action, self-efficacy and metabolic syndrome prevention behaviors. The subjects were selected from overweight students in public senior high schools in four administrative regions of Taipei by stratified random sampling. The data was collected through structured questionnaires, a total of 424 questionnaires distributed and 306 effective ones returned, with a return rate of 72.2%. The results of this study are: 1. The prevention behavior of metabolic syndrome of the subject (45.24) was higher than median showing a positive preventive behavior. 2. The knowledge of metabolic syndrome among the subjects was moderate (68.9％). The scores of the perceived severityand the perceived benefits of metabolic syndrome were high, but the scores of perceived susceptibility and self-efficacy of metabolic syndrome were e low. The cues to action of metabolic syndrome preventive behavior were less than 4, and television and media were the main resources. 3. Metabolic syndrome preventive behavior was negatively correlated with the perceived susceptibility (r= -.176) and the perceived barriers (r= -0.365). But the preventive behavior was positively correlated with the knowledge (r= .145) and self-efficacy (r= .406). iv 4. Background variables, health beliefs, cues to action, and self-efficacy could explain 28.4% variance of the preventive behavior. The significant predictors were gender, father’s occupation, knowledge, the perceived barriers, and self-efficacy, and self-efficacy was the most important one.
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