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The effectiveness of home exercise prescription on asthmatic children’s exercise psychology and lung function
The main purpose of the study was to assess the effectiveness of home exercise prescription on exercise psychology and lung function among asthmatic children. Furthermore, opinions about this home exercise prescription were interviewed. The study employed the nonequivalent groups design method. Moreover, asthmatic students from 2nd to 5th graders of four elementary schools in Taipei City and Taoyuan County were selected as the study subjects. The asthmatic students in the experimental group performed an 8-week home exercise prescription program. On the contrary, the students in the control group received no intervention. A standard questionnaire was designed to the collect data before and one week after the intervention. All data was analyzed using analysis of covariate (ANCOVA). The main results of this study were concluded and summarized as follows. 1. After 8-week home exercise prescription, exercise satisfaction of the experimental group was higher than that of the control group. Furthermore, those with pre-test exercise self-efficacy score below 61.31; the post-test score of self-efficacy was higher in the experimental group than in the control group. However, the results there was no significant differences in exercise enjoyment between these two groups. 2. The post-test of lung function were higher than the pre-test in both experimental and control group. But the results showed no significant differences in the post-test lung function between two groups. 3. The asthmatic children and their parents indicated that they learned how to measure heart rate, calculate personal best heart rate range and draft personal exercise program by home exercise prescription. In addition, they showed positively attitude toward the program materials. 4. The results from in-depth interview showed that the main reasons for a successful home exercise prescription program were support from significant others, perceived positively physical change, interesting in exercise, and self-confidence in exercise. On the other hand, the difficulties for doing home exercise prescription included lack of time, focusing at schoolwork, physical uncomfortable, and being afraid of bad consequences when exercising. In conclusion, the 8-week home exercise prescription program could effectively enhance exercise satisfaction and exercise self-efficacy of asthmatic children but not lung function of asthmatic children.
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