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Knowledge, Attitudes and Behavior regarding Correct Analgesics Use among Senior/Vocational High School Students in Taiwan
senior/vocational high school
The purpose of this study was to explore students’ knowledge, attitudes and behavior regarding the correct use of analgesics and to examine the related factors. A probability-proportionate-to-size sampling method was used. Thirty-three senior/vocational high schools were randomly selected. A total of 2,910 students completed the online self-administered questionnaire in 2013. The main findings were as follows. 1.Half of the students reported that they had ever used a pain reliever prescription during the past year. About 62.2% had ever used other pain management techniques such as heat/ice, relaxation, massage, while about 70% reported that they received pain management information from health professionals or family. 2.More than half of the students did not know that when taking pain medication containing acetaminophen, adults should not exceed 4,000 mg per day. About 22.1% of the students did not know the hepatotoxicity risk of taking acetaminophen, while 36.2% did not know that people who drink alcoholic beverages or have hepatitis increase their liver damage risk when taking pain medication containing acetaminophen. 3.Students tend to have positive attitudes and behaviors regarding the correct use of analgesics. 4.Multiple regression analysis showed that students in higher grades who take analgesic prescriptions and use other pain management techniques such as hot/cold therapy, relaxation, and massage were more likely to demonstrate correct analgesic use behaviors if they had received pain management information from health professionals or family and had read the warning labels. In contrast, students taking analgesics from drugstores or family/friends, who had received pain management information only from friends or media, were more likely to practice poor analgesic use behavior. The promotion of partnerships between schools and pharmacists is suggested along with the implementation of teachers’ training workshops, students’ education programs, and parent-child activities in order to enhance correct analgesics use literacy.
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