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Parental Mediation of Children’s Internet Use among Parents of Junior High School Students in Taipei City
junior high school students
The purpose of this study was to explore parental mediation of children’s Internet use and to examine the related factors. Parents were randomly selected from 18 junior high schools in Taipei City. There were 694 parents who completed the self-administered questionnarie. The main findings of this study were as follows. 1.On average, parents spent 11.08 hours a week using a computer, and 7.64 hours on a cell phone (including the Internet). Parents used e-mail 4.08 days a week. 2.Parental active use mediation, active safety mediation, monitoring mediation, and technical mediation were significantly positively related to each other. Parental restrictive mediation was positively related to technical mediation. 3.Multiple regression analysis showed that the following: (1) Parents who were younger, with a good parent-child relationship, who frequently used e-mail, had higher Internet skills, greater confidence with Internet use, and were worried about children’s Internet use were more likely to implement parental active use mediation. (2) Parents with higher Internet skills, greater confidence with Internet use, and were worried about children’s Internet use were more likely to implement active safety mediation. (3) Parents who were younger, with a good parent-child relationship, who had a higher level of confidence with Internet use, and were worried about children’s Internet use were more likely to implement monitoring mediation. (4) Parents who less frequently searched or downloaded data, who had higher Internet skills, and were worried about children’s Internet use were more likely to implement technical mediation. (5) Parents with higher Internet skills and were worried about children’s Internet use were more likely to implement restrictive mediation. In conclusion, a strengthening of parent’s Internet skills is suggested, in order to enhance parents’ Internet use confidence and parental mediation techniques. Parents should develop good relationships with their children and understand their online behaviors to prevent Internet risks and still receive the benefits of the Internet.
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