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Title: 台北縣市國中衛生組長健康促進學校執行情形及相關因素研究
The study on relevant factors on the implementation of health promoting school by Section chiefs of hygiene in Taipei County and City Middle schools
Authors: 賴香如
Wei Pei-Chia
Keywords: 健康促進學校
health promotion schools(HPS)
Section Chiefs of Hygiene
Issue Date: 2009
Abstract: 摘 要 本研究主要目的在了解台北縣市國民中學衛生組長健康促進學校執行情形及相關影響因素,以九十七學年度台北縣市國民中學衛生組長為母群體,依簡單隨機抽樣抽取樣本,並以自填式結構問卷、郵寄方式進行調查,研究工具為自擬之結構性問卷,得有效樣本97名,研究主要發現分述如下: ㄧ、研究對象對於健康促進學校的認知、態度、自我效能、執行情形 皆以學校物質環境最好、健康服務次之,社區關係最差。而研 究對象對於健康促進學校的認知、態度、自我效能與執行情形皆 呈正相關,其中與執行情形相關性高低依次為認知、態度、自我 效能。 二、影響研究對象健康促進學校工作的執行因素有:性別、學校衛生相 關委員會成立時間、執行健康促進學校計畫年數、經費預算、推動 人力、運用社區資源、學校同仁了解度與支持度。 三、研究對象為女性者,在健康促進學校中之學校衛生政策執行上高於 男性,另外,健康促進學校執行情形,會因學校衛生相關委員會成 立時間、執行健康促進學校計劃年數、經費預算、推動人力、運用社 區資源、學校同仁了解度與支持度的不同而有顯著差異。 四、研究對象個人因素、學校因素、對健康促進學校的認知、態度和自 我效能可預測研究對象健康促進學校執行情形60%的變異量,其中 以「健康促進學校認知」、「學校衛生委員會組織和運作」、「健康促 進學校執行自我效能」和「社區運用」為主要的預測變項,且以「健 康促進學校認知」最具影響力。
ABSTRACT This research is mainly focused on the outcome and relevant influencing factors of the implementation of health promoting school (HPS) by Section Chiefs of Hygiene in Taipei County and City Middle Schools. The population of the study is Section Chiefs of Hygiene within Taipei County and City Middle Schools during academic year 97. Random samples were selected and mail-in self answering structured questionnaires were provided. The research tool is from the author's self-developed structured questionnaires. 97 effective samples received. Major findings from the research are: I. The factor that affects the cognition, attitude, self-efficiency and the outcome of the implementation from participants’ HPS indicates the best ranking is the environment of the school, followed by health services and community relations. There is a possible correlation between participants’ cognition, attitude, self-efficiency and the outcome of the implementation. Ranking from the highest to lowest is cognition, attitude, and self-efficiency. II. The factor influences the implementation of HPS participants are sex, the length of time since healthcare committee established, the number of academic years since the implementation in HPS, budget, the resource of manpower, the use of community resource, the understanding and the support from co-workers in the school, etc. III. Female participants have better outcome implementing health policy then male; The longer healthcare committee established the better outcome implementing community relations. Greater variety and numbers of manpower involved, better use of community resources, better understanding and support from school co-workers all leads to better implementation in HPS. IV. The best factors that predict implementation by participants in HPS are the cognition between participants and their HPS, self-efficiency, the structure and the operation of school healthcare committee, and the usage of community resource. These factors explain 60% of variance in HPS implementation.
Other Identifiers: GN0595051113
Appears in Collections:學位論文

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