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Factors related to smoking behavior among junior high school students in Taoyuan County
junior high school students
smoking behavior intention
The main purpose of this study is to understand the current situation of the junior high school students who smoke, to explore their background factors (including personal factors, family factors, school factors and social factors), smoking knowledge, smoking attitudes, anti-smoking self-efficacy and smoking behavior intention relationship, as well as to analyze the prediction of their smoking behavior. The population was the junior high school students in Taoyuan County who enrolled in 2012. Stratified cluster random sample was used to select the respondents. Using classes as units, 24 classes were sampled. The total valid questionnaires were 569 copies. The response rate was 80.25%. The main findings were as follows: 1.The researched objects’ smoking knowledge about differed obviously from their grades, academic achievements, parent-child relationship, anti-tobacoo education materials at elementary school in Taoyuan County and their impression on the quit- smoking lessons. 2.The researched objects’ smoking attitudes differed obviously from their gender, academic achievements, smoking experiences, family structures, parent-child relationship, whether their friends smoked, and whether they received anti-smoking lessons in a year. 3.The anti-smoking self-efficacy differed obviously from their academic achievements, smoking experiences, family structures, parent-child relationship, whether their family smoked, how many days a week their family smoked, their monthly allowance, whether their friends smoked, anti-tobacoo education materials at elementary school in Taoyuan County , their impression on the quit-smoking lessons and whether they received anti-smoking lessons in a year. 4.Their smoking attitudes and anti-smoking self-efficacy could predict smoking intention. 5.The researched objects’ background factors (including smoking experiences, monthly allowance, anti-tobacoo education materials at elementary school in Taoyuan County, and their impression on the quit-smoking lessons), smoking knowledge, smoking attitudes and anti-smoking self-efficiency could predict smokng behavior intention, which was rated 47%. Based on the findings above, this study was to make a suggestion about anti-smoking education strategy for the adolescents and as a reference when enforcing anti-smoking strategy in the future to reduce adolescents’ smoking problem efficiently.
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