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Study on Health-Promoting Lifestyles and the Related Factors among the Students of an Institute of Technology in Northern Taiwan
Students of Continuation Department
personal background variable
self-conscious health condition
This purpose of this study is to understand the health-promoting lifestyles of students who are studying in the Continuation Department and explore the relationship between health-promoting lifestyle and their personal background variables as well as self-conscious health conditions. In addition, this study also focuses on predictive factors of a health-promoting lifestyle. This objects of this study were students from a Continuation Department at an institute of technology in Keelung. A Cross-sectional survey method was adopted by using self-administered questionnaires. A total of 482 valid questionnaires were collected. The results show that: I. The self-conscious health conditions of the Object of Study fall above moderate status. Students who think that they currently have good health account for 66% of the collected data. When compared with people of the same age, students who think that they currently have good health condition account for 56%. However, 32% of these students think that their health conditions are getting worse. II. The overall health-promoting lifestyle of the research object lies in between moderate states. Interpersonal support has the best performance, followed by self-realization, stress management, and nutrition and exercise behavior. Health responsibility has the worst performance. The background variables, such as gender, age, marital status, BMI, work seniority, and job position are significantly related to health-promoting lifestyles. In addition, both “self-conscious health condition” and “health-promoting lifestyle” show a positive correlation. III. The personal background variables and self-conscious health conditions of the research object can be used to predict health-promoting lifestyles effectively, and it also can explain 5% to 21% of the total variance. Between these variables, “self-conscious health condition” is the main predictor variable.In addition, gender, BMI, and job position can be used to predict exercise behavior; work seniority can be used to predict nutrition behavior. Males working in management positions with a BMI between 18.5 and 23.9 performed better in exercise behavior. Furthermore, the higher they ranked in work seniority, the better they performed in nutrition behavior. In the end, recommendations based on results of this study for the institute’s health practices were proposed to the educational administration to enhance the development of health behavior for the students of the Continuation Department and to strengthen the institute’s planning of health-promoting activities. Suggestions for future research are also offered in this study.
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