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The study of related factors to the preventive behaviors of urinary tract infection among clinical nurses in a branch of Taipei City Hospital
Preventive behaviors of urinary tract infection
Health Belief Model
This research applies the Health Belief Model and explores the related factors for preventive behavior against urinary tract infection among nurses in a branch of Taipei City Hospital. A total of 320 nurses were invited to enroll in the study and to fill out a questionnaire. We received 305 valid questionnaires. The results of this research were as follows: 1.The health beliefs of participants for “perceived susceptibility”toward “possibility”; in “perceived seriousness” toward “seriously”; and in “perceived benefits”and “perceived barriers” toward “agree”. Action clues for urinary tract infection prevention include health education pamphlets and manuals, among others. There was a medium degree of self-efficacy for the adoption of urinary tract infection preventive behavior. In general, participants presented ideal urinary tract infection preventive behavior. 2.Demographic variables were significantly correlatedto health beliefs. Age and number of working years were positively and significantly correlated to “perceived benefits”. 3.3.Higher mean scores for “self awareness of the benefits” and “self-efficacy” for urinary tract infection prevention meant more urinary tract infection preventive behaviors. The lower mean scores for “self awareness of perceived susceptibility”and “self awareness of perceived barriers”, the more urinary tract infection preventive behaviors. 4.Self-efficacy was a significant predictor of urinary tract infection preventiv behaviors. R2 explains why the total variance of urinary tract infection preventive behaviors was 96.0%.
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