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Study on severity of traffic injuries and related factors in Neihu District of Taipei City
Neihu District of Taipei City
traffic accident injuries
severity of injury
The purposes of the study were to explore the occurrence of traffic accident injuries include types, severity of accident injury and related factors in Neihu District of Taipei City, to as a basis for promoting injury prevention. By retrospective survey the data were collected from "TIPSPA injury surveillance system" database of Taiwanese Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion Association, all cases injuried in traffic accident occurred in Neihu District from July 2008 until June 2010. A total of 1,997 cases for statistical analysis, the results were concluded as follows: 1. Age 25-44 is the most, 15-24 and45-64 of age are the second. Male is majority. High school and vocational school of education is the most and the college is the second. No disease and no taking medicines before accident are the majority. 2. The accidents occurred mostly in the daytime. Accidents caused by others are more. Accidents caused by human factors are 52% of all causes. Places of accidents mostly on the road is about 96%；85% of accident occurred during walking. The type of accident is 70% occurred in car collision. The severity of injury are 27% of mild and 73% are severe. 3. There were significant differences in age, education, accident cause and site in relation to the severity of traffic injuries. These included 25-44 of age and above 65, high school and vocational school of education, accident caused by others, caused by non-human factors, accident took place on road, accident occurred during working, by car crush in type of accident, and severe injury in severity. 4. The predictability of severity of accident injury was on “the causes of accident” and “the occurrence status of accident”. Data revealed non-human factors, occuring time during working, severe injury in severity, non-human factors were 2.02 times of human factors. Accident occurred during “working” was 2.41 times of "walking".
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