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The Related factors for Smoking behavior of Junior High School Students :Take a Junior High School in Taoyuan County as an Example
junior high school students
The main purpose of this paper is to understand the smoking behavior of junior high school students, and to explore the background factors (gender, age, grade, academic achievement, parental education and parental marital status), psychological factors (self-esteem, attitude toward smoking and anti-smoking self-efficacy), social environmental factors (attachment and smoking role models) . Take a total of 770 students (excluding special education students) in a Junior High School in Taoyuan County in the first semester of Ninety-nine school year as the population. Use stratified sampling method. Select four classes in each grade and get a total 12 classes. Collect data with structured questionnaires. 402 valid questionnaires were obtained. Analyze them with the chi-square test, point biserial correlation test, and Logistic regression. The findings included the following: 1.There is a significant relationship between junior high school students’ smoking behavior and background factors of gender, age, grade, academic achievement and parental marital status; and there is no significant relationship between junior high school students’ smoking behavior and parental education level. 2.The higher self-esteem they have, the lower the rates of their smoking behavior are. 3.The more positive attitude toward smoking they have, the higher the rates of their smoking behavior are. 4.The stronger anti-smoking self-efficacy they have, the lower the rates of their smoking behavior are. 5.The closer the attachments with their fathers, mothers and peers are, the lower the rates of their smoking behavior are. 6.The more smoking role models they have, the higher the rates of their smoking behavior are. 7.The effective predictable variables are smoking attitudes, anti-smoking self-efficacy, the number of smoking role models, and marital status of parents. To sum up, marital status of parents has the greatest impact. This study also makes recommendations to educational programs of the prevention of smoking behavior and related research in the future. The limitation of this study is that it doesn’t represent whether the variables are causes or effects because it is a cross-sectional design. A longitudinal study may be used to find out its cause and effects.
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