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The Application of Health Belief Model—A Study in the Related Factors of After Meal Teeth Cleaning Behavior Among the Junior High School Students in Da-an District of Taipei City
after meal teeth cleaning behavior
health belief model
The purpose of this research is to apply the Health Belief Model to the students in a junior high school in Da-an District of Taipei City to investigate the related factors of after meal teeth cleaning behavior. In this research, 1705 students are chosen to fill out the self-made questionnaire through a systematic sampling method, and only 347 are valid. The conclusion and suggestions are as follows. I. Of the subjects with middle degree perceived caries threat, over half of them are with perceived caries susceptibility, and their perceived caries severity belongs to “severe” degree. In short, among the subjects, females with well academic performance, better knowledge of dental caries, more caries experience, and more cues to action, have higher perceived caries threat. Besides, those subjects who score “positive” on the likelihood of act on after meal teeth cleaning behavior consider that they get more benefits than barriers from after meal teeth cleaning behavior, but the score is low. To sum up, the more cues to action (especially the external cues) found, the higher possibilities of perceived after meal teeth cleaning behavior were. II.The subjects know much on the cues to action on after meal teeth cleaning behavior because their school implements the activity of plaque check-ups. To them, the external cues come mainly from “having plaque check-ups experience”; as the internal cues, the data come mainly from “seeing the dentist for tooth problems.” All in all, subjects with higher perceived caries threat and higher possibilities of perceived after meal teeth cleaning behavior, gain more cues to action of after meal teeth cleaning behavior. III.The tendency toward the self- efficacy on after meal teeth cleaning behavior turns uncertain, with middle degree. In short, most of the subjects brush their teeth after meals at home, but seldom in the school. In addition, subjects seldom clean teeth after meals whether at home or participating other activities in the school (such as eating snacks, having meals, and picnicking). IV.After meal teeth cleaning behavior of the subjects tends to “sometimes”. Besides, most of the subjects clean teeth before bedtime; the second are in the morning. In addition, none of them use dental floss at home or in the school. With the variables, including the subject basic variable, after meal teeth cleaning health belief, cues to action on after meal teeth cleaning behavior, and the self- efficacy on after meal teeth cleaning behaviors, the score index of after meal teeth cleaning behavior is 43.1%. The main predictive variables of after meal teeth cleaning behavior of the subjects are “gender”, “caries experience” and “perceived caries threat” (includes “perceived caries susceptibility ” and “perceived caries severity ”) ”, “internal cues ”, “the self- efficacy on after meal teeth cleaning behaviors” . Among them, the most influential ones are “gender” and “perceived caries severity .”
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