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A study on compliance behavior to Smoke-Free school policy among college students in Yunlin County
Smoke-Free school policy
The purpose of this study was to understand college students’ compliance behavior of smoke-free policy, and how it related to personal factors, predisposing factors, enabling factors, and reinforcing factors. This study used a structured questionnaire as the research tool. The subjects were 700 collegians from 15 classes selected by stratified random sampling. The total sample size was 750 with 93.3 % response rate. One-way ANOVA, Scheffe’s test, Pearson product-moment correlation, and multiple regression were used for analysis. The major findings are as follows: 1. The subjects’ cognition of smoke-free school policy is 60% and attitude is positive. 2. Only 5% of the subjects smoke every day. More than 80% subjects never smoke. The subjects perceive that school teachers, staff, female classmate are almost no smoking, and less than half male classmate smoke. 3. The subjects have few smoke-free school information. However, they perceive that their information is enough. 4. The subjects perceive that positive and negative reinforcements of smoke-free school are high. School members tend to support smoke-free school policy. 5. The subjects’ compliance behavior was low. College students have better compliance behavior if he/she is a freshman, in electronic and information Department, his or her mother with high level education, living in the dormitory, highly cognizing smoke-free school policy, never smoke, perceiving school members not smoke, having more information, media and sufficient information with more support from school members, perceiving more positive and negative reinforcement. 6. Personal factors, predisposing factor, enabling factor, and reinforcing factor could predict compliance behavior of smoke-free school policy and explain 22.2% variance. The most significant factor is support from school members. We suggest that schools offer more promoting activities, diversified channels, and more information about smoke-free school policy to students in order to enhance their compliance behavior.
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