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A Study of Correlation Among Teachers' Locus of Control、Social Support、Work Stress And Well-being in A Junior High School
junior high school teachers
locus of control
以新北市某國中教師為研究母群體，採橫斷式調查法，以問卷方式進行資料收集，共發出145份問卷，回收145份問卷，有效問卷136份，有效回收率為93.8％。以統計套裝軟體SPSS for Windows 19.0 中文版來完成資料的統計分析。
This study aims to realize the current situation of the teachers’ locus of control, social support, work stress and well-being at a junior high school in New Taipei City, to explore the relationships among teachers' background variables, locus of control, social support and work stress on their well-being, and then to explore how much forecast power the teach-ers' background variables, locus of control, social support and work stress have on their well-being. The target population were the teachers at a junior high school in New Taipei City. A cross-sectional survey was adopted and the data was collected in questionnaires. A total of 145 questionnaires were issued, and 136 valid questionnaires were returned, (a 93.8% valid response rate). The data was calculated and analyzed by using SPSS for windows 19.0. The results of this study are as follows: 1. The research subjects tend towards internal locus of control. 2. The research subjects get the middle-high degree of social support. So-cial support is divided into four dimensions --" appraisal support" is the one with the highest score；the order of the rest is "emotion support", "instrument support" and " information support." 3. The research subjects are under the middle degree of work stress. Work stress is divided into four dimensions -- "adaptation to policy change" is the one with the highest score；the order of the rest is "students' behavior", "workload" and " interpersonal relationships." 4. The research subjects get the middle-high degree of well-being. Well-being is divided into four dimensions --"life satisfaction" and "posi-tive emotions" are the two with the highest score；the order of the rest is "work achievements" and "physical and mental health." 5. Among background variables, religion has influence on the three di-mensions of well-being, such as "life satisfaction", "positive emotions", and "work achievement." Teachers who have religious beliefs have higher degree of well-being than those who have no religious beliefs. The satis-faction degree for leisure activities will also affect teachers' well-being. Teachers who feel "extremely satisfied" "very satisfied" and "moderately satisfied"with leisure activities have more well-being than those who feel "slightly dissatisfied". 6. Each of the research subjects' locus of control and social support has a significant and negative correlation on work stress. 7. Each of the research subjects' locus of control and social support has a significant and positive correlation on well-being. The research subjects' work stress has a significant and negative correlation on well-being. 8. Ten predictive variables,"gender", "marriage", "years of teaching", "different positions", "main teaching areas", "satisfaction degree for lei-sure activities", "religion", "locus of control", "social support "," work stress " could explain 59.2% total variation of well-being. "Satisfaction degree for leisure activities" and "social support" are the main predictive variables. Both of them have positive influences on well-being. The strongest predictive factors are the "extremely satisfied" and "very satis-fied" of "satisfaction degree for leisure activities"；the following one is "social support." Based on the above-mentioned results, the suggestions were offered to junior high school teachers, junior high schools, educational authorities, and future researchers.
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