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The Association of Unemployment Experience、Ethnicity and Health Lifestyle among Labors of the Multi-Employment Promotion Program in Hualien County
Multi-Employment Promotion Program
worksite heath promotion
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between a worker’s unemployment experience,ethnicity, and health lifestyle. A questionnaire was administered to employees of the Multi-Employment Promotion Program in Hualien county by utilizing a stratified random sampling technique.273 copies of the questionnaires were distributed, and 217 valid responses were returned.The findings of this study are summarized as follows: 1.The average number of times a person was unemployed 1.2,whle the average duration that a person was unemployed 4.06 months.Among the six factors of the health lifestyle tested,the employees scored the highest in interpersonal support and the lowest in health responsibility. 2.One-way MANVOA technique determined,the relationship existed between a person’s ethnic background and health lifestyle. Individual of Han descent scored higher performance such as exercise, heath responsibility,interpersonal support,stress management than the aboriginal descent. 3.The canonical analysis determined,that a relationship existed between the age of an individual, health lifestyle,and the average number of times they had been unemployed. There was a positive correlation between the age of an individual and nutrition. There was a negative correlation between the average number of times a person was unemployed and exercise, health responsibility,self-actualization,stress management. 4.Structal equation modeling(SEM) determined that a person’s background, unemployment history, and ethnicity can predict the individual’s health lifestyle and explain for 21.2% of the variation in the equation. It was found the aborigines and high unemployed times had the least health lifestyle. Based on the results of the study, suggestions and improvements have been proposed to the health and labor sector to provide employment opportunities to the unemployed and promote heath lifestyle to employed individuals in aboriginal areas.
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