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Gender differences in Subjective Well-being among retired elders in Taipei
retire the elderly
sense of coherence
Objective: Taiwan has become an aging society. Retirees and post-retirement time increased, but the both sexes that faced of life events, resources and the pressures were different.As a result, this study inferrded that it existed gender differences between retirement adjustment and subjective well-being after retirement.This paper explored subjective well-being from the perspective of positive psychology, and further, explained changes in retirement and how to cope with it from role theory and feminist perspective. That can let us understand the role changes after retirement and mutual influence of gender differences in subjective well-being. Methods: This study adopts the secondary data collected by the research project of Professor Szu-Hsien Lee for data analysis.The research project used structured questionnaire for data collection in the community parks and services Centre for the elderly. The study subjects are 50-75 year-olds retirement who retired before 2009 in Taipei City. Finally, there are 294 valid questionnaires. Mean age of the participants is 65.01±5.98 years and 70% women.We chooses Family structure, Economic resources, and Family relations for positive environment, Sense of Coherence (SOC) for positive individual traits, and Subjective Well-being for positive emotions. Results: Study results showed that gender, level of education, health state, positive environment, and SOC affected subjective well-being significantly. Gender stratification results found that level of education, health state, positive environment, and SOC affected subjective well-being significantly for retired male elders. Moreover, health state, economic state, house belonging, family relations, and SOC affected subjective well-being significantly for retired female elders. By multiple regression analysis, it showed that family relations, health state, level of education, and SOC affected subjective well-being significantly for retired male elders, which could explain 55.9% variance of well-being. Family relations, health state, and economic state affected subjective well-being significantly for retired female elders, which can explain 35.6% variance of well-being.Family relations was the most important predictor of subjective well-being for both sexes. It can explain 41.4% variance of male well-being and 25.9% variance of female well-being individually. Conclusion: The research results support gender differences in subjective well-being of the retired elders. The differences of related factors of subjective well-being were in level of education and SOC for males, and economic states for females. Family relation was an important predictor of gender well-being.Based on the research findings, it is recommended that emphasis on establishing good family relations, focusing on SOC training for males, as well as the strengthening of economic support for females.
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