Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/87419
Title: 新北市某高中學生身體意象與體重控制行為之相關研究
The research of senior high school students on the relationship between body image and weight control behavior-Take one senior high school at New Taipei Cityas an example.
Authors: 胡益進
Hu, Yi-Jin
鄭伊君
Cheng, I-Chun
Keywords: 高中生
身體意象
體重控制行為
飲食控制行為
身體活動
senior high school students
body image
weight control behavior
diet control
physical activity
Issue Date: 2016
Abstract: 本論文旨在探討高中學生身體意象與體重控制行為之研究,以新北市某高中104學年度第二學期之全體日校高中學生為研究母群體,以結構式問卷測驗,採分層隨機抽樣的分式,共取得356位有效樣本,問卷回收率為94%,所得資料進行統計分析,主要發現結果如下: 一、研究對象的身體質量指數,過重者及肥胖者三成,而自覺體型過重者近五成,約過半的人在自認體型上自覺過重。社會因素中以「異性同儕」影響平均得分最高,其次為「父母」及「同性同儕」。 二、身體意象六大層面中以「健康取向」平均得分最高、其次分別為「健康評價」、「外表取向」、「體能取向」、「體能評價」而「外表評價」平均得分最低,研究對象普遍對於自我外表滿意度及自信心不足有關。 三、研究對象背景因素與身體意象全量表相關性,以「性別」、「自覺體型」、「身體質量指數」最為相關。 四、研究對象與社會因素,與「外表評價」負相關若研究對象感受較多重要他人給予負面評價,會對於自我外表滿意度較差。與「外表取向」、「體能取向」、「健康評價」呈現正相關。 五、身體意象與體重控制行為相關性,飲食控制行為與身體意象中「外表評價」、「外表取向」、「體能評價」、「健康取向」達顯著相關性。身體活動與「外表取向」、「體能評價」呈現正向相關。 六、研究對象個人背景因素、社會因素、身體意象與體重控制行為的預 測力。研究對象個人背景因素、社會因素、身體意象與飲食控制行為可解釋總變異量為34%;可有效的預測變項有「性別」、「體控經驗」、「異性同儕」、「外表評價」及「外表取向」,其中以「外表取向」最有影響。對身體活動可解釋總變異量為25%;可有效的預測變項有「性別」、「體能取向」,其中以「性別」最有影響。
The study aimed at exploring the relationship between body image and weight control behaviors of senior high school students. In 2016, the study used structured questionnaires, to collected data through stratified cluster random sampling. The return is 94%from 356 participants. The statistical findings are as follows: 1.According to the BMI,30%of the participants overweight . However , more than half of the participants felt that even though others considered they were keeping standard weight, they still felt themselves a little bit heavier in their own consciousness. 2.Among the six components of body image, the health orientation showed the highest scores, followed by body image and appearance assessment . The participants aren’t satisfied with their appearance, and lack of self-confidence. 3. Among the individual factors , “Sex ,” “self-evaluated weight, ” and “BMI,” are the most relevant to body image. 4. The participants and social factors had negative correlation with appearance assessment .If the participants received more negative reviews from their significant others , they showed lower satisfaction to their appearance. The participants and social factors had positive correlation with “physically orientation ,”and “ health assessment“ . 5. “Diet control” had significant correlation with “appearance assessment,“ and “ appearance orientation ,” “physically assessment,” “ health orientation .” Body image had positive correlation with “appearance orientation“ and “physically orientation. “ 6. Individual and social factors ,body image could explain 34%variance on “diet control.” The main predictors are “Sex,” “Weight- control experience ,” and “peers of opposite sex,” “appearance assessment,” “ appearance orientation ” and the most influential element is “ appearance orientation .” What’s more ,we could explain 25% of the variance if we use individual and social factors to predict “physical activity ” and thus the main predictive variables are “Sex,” and “physically orientation ,” the most influential element is “Sex”.
URI: http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=id=%22G0501051106%22.&%22.id.&
http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/87419
Other Identifiers: G0501051106
Appears in Collections:學位論文

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