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Health Information System for Elementary School
The study is an analysis of the current use of Health Information System for Elementary School in elementary schools nationwide and its relevant factors. The target population of study is users of Health Information System for Elementary School from elementary schools all over Taiwan in the academic year of 2003. A self-designed structural questionnaire had been created for such purpose, which was filled up and collected via the Internet. A total of 2581 effective copies were retrieved with a successful retrieving rate of 97.83%. The main findings of the study are the followings: 99% of all the health care centers set within primary schools in the nation have adapted the system in order to manage student health data, and among which, positive feedback was widely received. Most users recognized that computer aid has helped in coping with complex paper work, increasing ability to handle student health information followed by a more extensive and faster usage of such data base. Moreover, users have noticed a quality raise in their work which has directly given them more confidence. The ultimate problem faced by users of the health information system is the lack of understanding of the system itself, lack of computer usage skill and experience, and lack of educational training. Other problems include the lack of technical support from other school staff, lack of computer facilities, the instability of Health Information System for Elementary School and the route of connecting the student database from the rest of the school and the health information system has not yet been established. The most effective and representative ways of measuring the utilization of Health Information system for Elementary School are “Degree of familiarity in using,” “Computer Attitude,”“Amount of support received from supervisor,” “User’s computer experience,” and “Duration of usage.” The relations among the six means of evaluating Health Information System for Elementary School are: 1. System quality and user satisfaction have prominent positive impacts on the frequency of information system usage. 2. System quality, information quality, and the frequency of information system usage have prominent impacts on user satisfaction. 3. The frequency of information system usage and user satisfaction have positive impacts on how the system influence its individual user. 4. The way the system influence each user has a positive impact on the overall performance of the health care center in each primary school. Such result cannot completely resonate with the information system success model provided by DeLone& McLean(1992). A few points of suggestion raised from the study: The Ministry of Education should set up intermediate and long term goal according to the development of the Health Information system for Elementary School, increase the functions and stability of the system, improve the computer facility in every health care center, establish a well rounded system to transfer student record and database between the rest of the school network and the Health Information system for Elementary School, and finally, a national student health file to make the best use out of the data from the health information system.
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