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Title: 台北地區國中小女學生月經態度及其相關因素之研究
The menstrual attitudes and correlates among the elementary and junior high school female students in Taipei City and County
Authors: 賴香如
Ou Yang, mei-Jung
Keywords: 青少女
menstrual attitude
Issue Date: 2004
Abstract: 本研究的主要目的在瞭解國中小女學生月經態度之現況,並進一步探討個人因素、家庭因素及訊息因素與月經態度之關係。以九十二學年度就讀於台北縣市之國小五、六年級及國中一、二年級的女學生為母群體,採分層集束抽樣法,以團體自填式問卷方式進行資料收集,共得有效樣本902人。所得資料以t –test 、One-way ANOVA、Pearson積差相關和複迴歸分析等方法進行分析。 研究重要結果如下: 一、 研究對象的月經態度為中立偏負向;台北市女學生之月經態度比台北縣正向。 二、 研究對象的初經時間以國小六年級和五年級為多,在已來經者中,一半以上自覺初經來時心理沒有準備好,初經心理準備度較充足者,對月經有較正向的態度;對初經的感覺以沒有感覺和害怕最多。 三、 研究對象的月經生理不適經驗以肚子痛最多,其次為容易疲倦、皮膚問題、腸胃不舒服等。 四、 研究對象之月經訊息獲得來源以來自母親佔第一位,其次為老師或健康教育課程、宣導手冊、同學朋友等。訊息內容以生理知識、處理月經、經期調理、經痛處理及健康成長為多。 五、 月經生理不適經驗與月經態度有顯著負相關;相反地,月經知識與月經態度呈正相關。 六、 母親教育程度愈高、母女溝通態度愈開放時,研究對象的月經態度愈正向。 七、 有從電視廣告得到訊息者較未從該管道得到訊息者之月經態度較負向。獲得「月經不潔」與「民俗禁忌」訊息內容者較沒有者之月經態度負向。另月經訊息內容與月經態度有顯著相關,即獲得正面訊息愈多時,月經態度也愈正向 八、 研究對象之個人因素、家庭因素及訊息因素可解釋研究對象的月經態度總變異量為15.8%,其中顯著的預測變項有月經生理經驗、月經知識、母親教育程度、母女溝通態度、衛生棉廠商與電視廣告訊息來源及月經不潔的訊息內容等 根據研究結果對學校、家庭、社會方面之月經教育提出建議,提供與宣導正向健康的月經訊息,以幫助青少女適應青春期的生理變化,用健康的態度面對月經,迎接成長的喜悅。
Abstract The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between menstrual attitude and personal, family, information factors in adolescent girls. Through stratified cluster sampling, the study group is composed of female students selected from 5th to 8th grade in Taipei City and County. Nine hundred and two subjects provided effective information. The data obtained were analyzed by Independent -samples t test, One-way ANOVA, Pearson’s product-moment correlation and multiple regression analysis. The main findings of this study are as follows: 1.The subjects’ attitudes toward menstruation were neutral. Those who live in Taipei City had more positive attitudes toward menstruation than those lived in Taipei County. 2.Most of subjects’ first menstruation began in the fifth or sixth grade. Well-prepare girls showed more positive menstrual attitudes. 3.Most common uncomfortable experience for menstruation was abdominal pain and then fatigue. 4.The important source concerning menstruation were from mothers , followed by teachers and heath curricula, propaganda information, friends and classmates. Information transmission is mostly about physiology of menstruation, learning about menstrual products, regimen of menstrual, dysmenorrhea care and healthy growth. 5.Menstrual distress experience and attitudes showed a significantly negative correlation. But menstrual knowledge and attitudes show a significantly positive correlation. 6.The more highly educated mothers and open of communication between mother and child, the more positive the menstrual attitude show. 7.Students obtaining information from TV show more negative attitudes toward menstruation than those without. The subjects getting information of menstruation unclean and traditional taboos showed more negative than those getting nothing about that. Its content concerning menstruation was statistically significant correlated with attitudes. 8.The personal, family and information factors could significantly predict menstrual attitudes with explanation of 15.8% variation. Among these factors, menstrual distress experience highly predicts menstrual attitudes. Conclusively, some specific suggestions proposed for related education and future research were provided.
Other Identifiers: G00H0052016
Appears in Collections:學位論文

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