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HO JU CHEN
Abstract The purpose of this study is to develop an involvement program through educational channel at “Interactive Diabetes Prevention Manual” (IDPM) and to discuss the efforts of this program. The research is conducted by an experiment with the subject consisting of students and their parents of fifth grade in Shi-Pai and Wen-Lin elementary school. This group of participants is divided into two groups--the control and experimental group--who take pro/post questionnaire for further analysis. Members of experimental group receive a two-week involvement program of IDPM while the control group remains in their original status. The subject, both control and experimental groups, takes pro questionnaire before the experiment begins and answers the post questionnaire one week later. The information collected from this experiment is to be analyzed by pair-t test, Chi-square test and one-way ANCOVA that result in an amount of findings. The main points of the findings are listed as following: 1. After the involvement program of IDPM: 1.1 The students and parents in experimental group apparently get higher scores on “diabetes prevention conception” in the post questionnaire, which has a great difference with pro questionnaire. When it comes to compare the difference between control and experimental group, the research proves that the involvement program of IDPM only enhances the conceptions of diabetes prevention for those has little knowledge in this area. 1.2 The students and parents in experimental group apparently get higher scores on “ the attitude toward facing diabetes” in the post questionnaire, which has a great difference with pro questionnaire. However, their scores on “the attitude toward working-out” has mere differences comparing to pro questionnaire. 1.3 The students and parents in experimental group apparently get higher scores on “efforts of self discipline in fat intake reduction” in the post questionnaire, which has a great difference with pro questionnaire. As to compare the results between control and experimental groups, it is hardly to see the difference after the the involvement program of IDPM. The students and parents in experimental group obviously get higher scores on “increasing self-discipline of body stretching and working-out ” in the post questionnaire, which has a big difference with pro questionnaire. When it comes to compare the difference between control and experimental groups, the research proves that the involvement program of IDPM only enhances the self-discipline of body stretching and working-out for those has lower intention to do so. In all, while controlling the pro questionnaire scores, on “personal efforts on diabetes prevention” in post questionnaire the students and parents in experimental group scores significantly higher than control group. 1.4 While controlling the pro questionnaire, the students and parents in experimental group obviously get higher scores on “intention of diabetes prevention” in the post questionnaire, which has a great variation with pro questionnaire. The variation also occurs when it comes to compare the scores between control and experimental groups. 2. Some 70 percent students and parents consider the IDPM using in this experiment is helpful for them to understand more about diabetes prevention. In addition to it, the IDPM also leads them to a more positive attitude toward facing diabetes and builds them higher confidence to prevent this disease. What we are happy to see is that 60 percent of all questionnaire participants are willing to follow the instructions of what IDPM says in the future. In summary, there are significant efforts with the involvement of diabetes education through educational media in many aspects: the attitude toward facing diabetes, efforts of self discipline on diabetes prevention, and the intention of diabetes prevention. For those used to have little knowledge of diabetes prevention, it enhances their comprehension of the disease; and for those have fewer self discipline on body stretching and working-out, it helps them to be more aware of exercise more for their health. From above-mentioned points, it concludes that, during the development of educational media, an education medial involvement program bases on scientific behaviorism theory (such as: Social Cognitive Theory, Health Belief Model, The Theory of Reasoned Action, Communication- Persuasion Theory, and the like) is greatly helpful to enhance students and parents’ attitudes, conceptions, self-efforts, and self-intentions to diabetes. As students and parents viewing this manual with positive comments, it proves that the involvement program with scientific theory supports is significant effective. It also proves that the education of parents through school and students, as the media channel, is workable. We suggest proceeding diabetes or other chronic diseases prevention education to the residents in communities through educational media channel, schools and students, in the future.
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