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The Study of Health Promotion Lifestyle for Seafarers - An Example of Shipping Company in Taipei City
Health Promotion Model
|Abstract:||本研究旨在探討臺北市某航運公司船員健康促進生活型態現況，以及社會人口學因素、行動相關的感受、自覺健康行動利益、自覺健康行動障礙、健康行為自我效能與健康促進生活型態之關係。採橫斷式調查法，利用自填結構式問卷蒐集相關資料，取得有效問卷164份，有效回收率達74.5%，並使用SPSS for Windows 19.0版統計套裝軟體進行資料分析。研究結果歸納如下：
The purposes of this study were to investigate the health-promoting lifestyles and explored it’s relationship with social demographic factors, activity-related affect, perceived benefits of action, perceived barriers to action, and perceived self-efficacy of shipping company seafarers in Taipei city. A cross-sectional design was adopted and data collection was based on self-reported of structural questionnaire. There were 164 valid samples, which presented a 74.5% of the response rate. The data was analyzed by SPSS for Windows 19.0. The result of the study were as fallows: 1. The health-promoting lifestyles for shipping company seafarers was above the medium degree, which the highest score item was self-actualization, followed by interpersonal support, stress management, nutrition, health responsibility, and the lowest was exercise. 2. The smoking habits of social demographic factors did show significant differences in the health-promoting lifestyles, which the non-smokers scored higher than former smokers. 3. The health information sources, perceived health status, activity-related affect, perceived benefits of action, self-efficacy of health behavior had a significantly positive correlation with the health-promoting lifestyles, and perceived barriers to action had a significantly negative correlation. 4. The self-efficacy of health behavior and the perceived barriers to action were the significant predictors and explained 47.2% of the variance of health-promoting lifestyles. However, the self-efficacy of health behavior was the strongest predictor of all. It is suggested that health management be included in the workplace policy, and to help seafarers maintain a good lifestyle by promoting health promotion programs through cross-sectoral cooperation, especially in exercise and health responsibilities.
|Appears in Collections:||學位論文|
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