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Diabetic patients' health promotion lifestyle and its related factors --A questionnaire survey of a regional teaching hospital in New Taipei City
This study aims to discuss relevant factors that are involved in the assessment of Health Promotion Lifestyle Profile of patients with diabetes in a regional teaching hospital in New Taipei City. Research tools include cognition in diabetes, psychological pressure adjustment, and health-promoting lifestyle profile scale. The study mainly took hospital outpatients diagnosed with diabetes as the research object, to collect data using face to face interview questionnaires. A total of 239 valid samples were obtained. The results are described as follows: 1. In this study, patients whose glycated hemoglobin level were ≦ 7 accounted for 42.3%, the glycemic control was ordinary. 2. Regarding the cognition in diabetes, the total correct rate of questions was 75.38%, patients who were 30-49 years old, highly educated, married, and having exercise habits had a higher correct rate than patients who were 70-79 years old, less educated, widowed, and without exercise habits. 3.The degree of adjustment of psychological stress caused by diabetes appeared moderate. Research objects tended to make positive pressure adjustments, but there was significant difference in psychological pressure adjustments regarding different exercise habits and treatment modalities. 4.The conditions in Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile (HPLP) of research objects appeared moderate. The highest score fell on life appreciation behavior, and the lowest score was on exercise behavior and risk-reducing behaviors, showing that research objects had a healthy level of self-confidence but lacked of exercise. 5.The better the research objects adjusted to diabetes caused pressure and cognized the disease, the healthier lifestyle they lived. 6.Seven variables in the prediction of Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile (HPLP) included "smoking", "diet", "weekly exercise", "time since diagnosis", "self-monitoring of blood glucose" ,"cognition in diabetes", and "psychological pressure adjustment", which had a significant influence and explainable total variance of 56%. 7.Regression analysis results showed that "health-promoting lifestyle profile" can effectively predict glycemic control, with 9.7% of explainable total variance.
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