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Domestic work, paid work and self-efficacy in affecting life satisfaction for married working women in family with preschool children: The mediation effect of self-efficacy
|Abstract:||本研究在探討家有學齡前子女已婚就業女性之家務工作、支薪工作以及自我效能對生活滿意的影響。採分層比例叢集隨機抽樣方式，抽取臺灣28所幼兒園進行問卷調查，共得356份有效樣本。研究工具包含「生活滿意量表」、「自我效能量表」、「家務工作壓力量表」以及「支薪工作壓力量表」，並以SPSS 19及AMOS 18進行資料分析，再以描述統計、t檢定、皮爾遜積差相關以及結構方程模式進行統計考驗。本研究在控制背景及其他因素後，主要分析結果如下：
This study investigated the domestic work, paid work, and self-efficacy on life satisfaction for married working women with preschool children. Mining with proportional stratified cluster random sampling method, and conducted a questionnaire survey among 28 kindergartens in Taiwan, the analyzed data were based on a total of 356 valid samples. Tools used for the research include "Satisfaction with Life Scale", "New General Self-Efficacy Scale", "Domestic Work Stress Scale", and "Paid Work Stress Scale". Both SPSS 19 and AMOS 18 software were used for the data analysis. Furthermore, statistical tests were conducted with a series of methods such as the descriptive statistics, t-test, Pearson product- moment correlation, and structural equation modeling. After controlling on backgrounds and other factors, the key results are as follows: 1. Direct Impact of domestic work on life satisfaction This study demonstrated that the child care stress of those full-time working women with preschool children in their family have a significant direct impact on their life satisfaction. However, the pressure of housework, child care burden and the loading of housework did not affect their life satisfaction. 2. Direct Impact of paid work on life satisfaction The results showed that both the characteristics and the pressure of paid work for those full-time working women with preschool children in their family didn’t have a direct impact on their life satisfaction. 3. The direct and mediation effects of self-efficacy on life satisfaction (a) The direct effect of self-efficacy on life satisfaction This study indicated that self-efficacy will have significant direct impact on life satisfaction. Self-efficacy still remains interpretable on life satisfaction after taking the consideration of control factors as well as housework, paid work factors. (b) The mediation effect of self-efficacy on life satisfaction The mediating effect of self-efficacy existed on the paths in affecting life satisfaction by the professional autonomy characteristics, pressure of professional autonomy of paid work and stress of work demands. In other words, with higher professional autonomy characteristics and higher stress from paid work, the self-efficacy is also higher, and the better on their life satisfaction as well. Nevertheless, when the stress from work demands gets higher, it will have negative influences on life satisfaction by the weakening of self-efficacy. Finally, based on the results of this study, suggestions are proposed for the working women, life education of family, the government, and the future studies,respectively.
|Appears in Collections:||學位論文|
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