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Two-year-olds’ Transitions from Family to Preschool: A Mesosystem Study
The purpose of this research was to understand the preparations of two-year-old children to attend preschools from the perspectives of the ecological system theory. In previous research, most researchers focused on studying children’s preschool experiences after age at three, and how preschools assisted children to accommodate with their conflicts in preschools. Unfortunately, only a few research studied the family’s roles in the transitions of their children attending preschools. It was important to examine the relationships between the roles of families and schools when young children attended preschools. Therefore, this study discussed the connection between young children’s experience at home and their practices in preschools, and the transition when they attended preschool through three different time periods. This was a qualitative research conducted by a case study. Observations, interviews, and reviews of relevant documents were used for the data collection, and the thematic analysis was used for the data analysis. The participants were two young children at the age of two, their families, and preschools. The conclusions of this study were divided into three themes which were (a) preparations before attending preschools, (b) transitions of having a new life, (c) redefine the position in preschool. The following statements were the major results in this study: 1. The transitions were support systems rather than strategies. 2. Both vertical transitions and horizontal transitions were important. 3. Curriculum activities were important elements during the transitions. 4. Children’s developments resulted from the interaction with different environments. 5. The individual communication between children and teachers, or teachers and parents helped children to familiar with the new environment. These findings can be suggestions for parents, teachers, and preschools to help young children to attend preschools. These also provided areas for further studies.
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