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The Association Between Young Children's Gender Perception and Peer Relationships
This study was to explore the young children’s of gender perception , peer relationship, and the relationship between the two, as well as further to investigate the association among the consistency or inconsistency of the young children’s perception in biological sex, psychological gender and appearance of gender and their social status. There were 357 young children participated in this study. They were 4 to 6-year-olds selected from twelve public and private kindergartens in Taipei and New Taipei City. By using “Parents And Children Questionnaire,” ”Young Children’s Sex Role Scale,”” Young Children’s Toy Preference Tasks,”and “Young Children’s Appearance Observation Record,” young children’s biological sex, psychological gender and appearance of gender were collected. In addition, young children’s peer relationship was classified by sociometric techniques. The chi-square analysis through SPSS19.0 showed that: First, only a few young children described their biological sex by physical organs. Second, the young children’s perception of psychological gender and appearance gender indicated the dual trend, i.e., masculine and feminine. Three, boys were more to be rejected than girls and girls were more to be popular than boys. Four, boys with the consistency perception in their biological sex, psychological gender and appearance of gender were easily be accepted by peers; in contrast, boys could be rejected by peers. However, there were no significant association with girls’ consistency or inconsistent of gender perception, and their peer relationships. This study suggested that adults should support young children natural characteristics of the gender development and respected their psychological needs and interests. Also, future studies can try to explore the follow-up development of school children in their gender roles.
|Appears in Collections:||學位論文|
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