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A Study of Young Children's Gender-role Concepts
This study aims to understand young children’s gender-role concepts and the influence of parents on their children’s gender-role concepts. It includes understanding children’s own gender-role concepts, analyzing the differences between the boys’ and girls’ gender-role concepts, and trying to discover the relationship between parents’ and children’s gender-role concepts. This study involves 14 kindergarten children (7 boys, 7 girls) and 9 parents (8 mothers, 1 father). Regarding the process of this research, 14 children were interviewed with pictures in the beginning. In addition, 9 of 14 (4 boys and 5 girls) children were interviewed again by the way of focus group (boys group/girls group). Finally, parents of the 9 children were interviewed. The results of this study are as follows: a.Children’s gender-role concepts still have the tendency toward the traditional stereotype of gender-role. b.When comparing the boys’ to the girls’ gender-role concepts, they are almost the same. c.Parents do have influence on their children’s gender-role concepts. However, siblings and life span are also factors influencing children’s gender-role concepts. d.Children have negative comments on non-traditional gender-role behaviors. For example, they feel disgusting when boys do something traditionally done by girls. And they think that girls don’t have the ability to do things that normally boys do. These points of views may limit children to do other gender’s behaviors. e.Children think there are certain behaviors and characteristics that belong only to male or female.
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