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The Constraining Beliefs about Mate Selection of Single Graduate Students
Constraining Beliefs about Mate Selection
Single Graduate Students
Sex/ Gender- Role Orientation
Abstract The purpose of this paper is to discuss single, never- married graduate students’ constraining beliefs about mate selection and make clear the effect of demographic variables and sex / gender – role orientation. A questionnaire survey was conducted on graduate students aged from 22 to 39, who are currently study in their master or PhD programs in Taiwan. Looked into the research done by Cobb, Larson and Watson (2003) for inspiration and adopted its questionnaire “Development of the Attitudes about Romance and Mate Selection” for measuring the constraining beliefs about mate selection of single graduate students. The effective samples which were purposed acquired through stratified sampling for proportions are 684. The major findings are presented as follows: 1.More than ninety percent of the study sample was studying in national public institutes. Additionally, over half of the sample comes from high social economic status family, and approximately ninety percent of the study sample reflected their parents were married and lived together. 2.The single graduate students were inclined to agree constraining belief about mate selection. The respondents believe the “Complete Assurance” belief the most. That means they must feel completely assured of martial success and their pre-martial relationship and future partner must be ideal. 3.Men had higher scores in masculine characteristics and androgynous characteristics than women. But both men and women were susceptible to feminine characteristics. It means that single graduate students’ gender were not totally equal to their sex/ gender role orientation. Besides, the more they had feminine characteristics, the more they held constraining beliefs about mate selection. 4.On the whole, “gender”, “age”, “school type” and “sex/ gender role orientation” had significant effect on constraining beliefs about mate selection. In other words, men held more constraining beliefs about mate selection than the women; single graduate students aged 30-39 held more constraining beliefs about mate selection than who aged 22-24. Furthermore, graduate students from private institutes agreed to constraining beliefs more than the one from national public institutes, and femininity was a strong and positive predictor of constraining beliefs about mate selection. 5.In this study, the family variables (including parents’ marital status and social economic status) effect on single graduate students’ constraining beliefs about mate selection wasn't significant. However, the school learning experiences were more important predictors. According to the findings, suggestions for single graduate students, marital educators, and future researches are addressed.
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