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relations between mother and daughter
relations between mothers-in-law and daughters-in law
The concept of intergenerational ambivalence refers to conflicts in relationships between parents and adult offspring. This conflict is the product of individual cognition and emotion developed in a social context, with distinct assumptions of status, roles, and norms. Prior research on intergenerational ambivalence has focused on the interest of the elderly parent, examining their health care, living arrangement, and psychological well-being. This study instead privileged the adult offspring, with an aim to understand the intergenerational ambivalence experienced when married women negotiate childcare arrangements with their mothers and mothers-in-law. In-depth interviews were conducted with seven married mothers whose mothers and mothers-in-law regularly participated in their childcare routines. The age of the participants ranged from 29 to 39. Analysis of the interviews found: 1. Married women would consider issues relationship intimacy and self-interest when incorporating their mothers and mothers-in-law into the childcare routine. Negotiation of the childcare between the mothers and the mothers-in-law may be dominated by the mother-in-law, coordinated by the entire family, or determined naturally. 2. Three kinds of intergenerational ambivalence are observed when married women negotiate childcare work with their mothers and mothers-in-law: the ambivalence in the status of married women with their families-of-origin and their parents-in-law, the ambivalence between self development and motherhood, and the ambivalence between cognitive knowledge and an ideal-type childcare routine. 3. Married women experiencing ambivalence in childcare negotiation with their mothers and mothers-in-law employ three coping strategies: framing their situation through sympathy and rationalization, making voluntary changes, and seeking marital cooperation and support. Based on the findings of the results, recommendations are posited for social policy and family education workers. Future research directions are identified.
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