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The Effect of Go Game on Children’s Spatial Capacity and Attention
二、幼兒圍棋活動對幼兒的空間能力與專注力成效會因性別不同而有差異。中班幼兒空間能力的成效是女生的介入效果大於男生；大班幼兒則是男生大於女生。中班幼兒專注力的High α波、Low β波、High β波的改變成效上，男生介入效果大於女生。
The purpose of this study was to develop young children’s Go game program and understand children’s spatial capacity and attention. It is also explore the effect of improving children’s spatial capacity and attention by Go game program. In addition, the other background factors, such as children’s sex and social-economic status were examined. What research method of this study was Quasi-Experimental Research Method. 103 children of two preschool in Taipei city participated in the study. The children’s of experimental group (n=49) were enter the Go game program twice a week for six weeks. While the control group (n=54) was not treated with any intervention. The effectiveness of the program was evaluated by Spatial Transformation Task and Mind Wave. The two different groups enter the tasks one week before (pretest) and one week after (posttest) the Go game program. The experimental group also enter the tasks one month after (follow-up test) the intervention. The data was analyzed by separating senior class and middle class. The results indicated that: 1.Through the process of Go game program, there were effective influences on senior class children’s complete spatial capacity and horizontal translation spatial capacity. Besides there were also significant learning effects and delayed effects on the experimental group children’s complete spatial capacity, horizontal translation, diagonal translation and diagonal rotation spatial capacity. 2.As the effects on spatial capacity, the senior class boys were superior to the girls; while the middle class girls were superior to the boys. As high α, low β and high β waves of attention, middle class girls were superior to the boys. 3.As spatial capacity and the high β wave of attention, the children living in a high social-economic status family were superior to those who living in a low social-economic status family.
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