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The Impact Factors of Unmarried Single Teachers’ Marital Values
Unmarried single teachers
This study aims to explore the correlation between unmarried single teachers’ marital values and individual factors (such as gender, age, heterosexual relationship status, the experiences of attending or participating in gender equity courses/workshops and marital or family classes/workshops) , social-learning factors (such as gender attitude, peers’ influence) and family factors (parental marital harmony, parent- children relationship) . Samples were collected from convenient sampling responded by unmarried single teachers who were under 40 years old and have not legally married before. The instruments used for data collection and analysis included marriage rewards scale, marriage costs scale and demographic information. 619 eligible questionnaires in total were assembled. All statistics were computed by the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) 19.0 version. Descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way analysis of variance (one-way ANOVA), Pearson's correlation coefficient, multiple hierarchical regression analysis were utilized to evaluate and analyze the factors above. The results indicated as follow: First: there are significantly different and correlation between unmarried single teachers’ individual factors, social-learning factors and family factors. 1. individual factors (1) Males tend to recognize and possess more perception of marriage rewards and females tend to recognize more perception of marriage costs. (2) When one gets older, he/she tends to recognize the concept of marriage rewards more than the concept of marriage costs. (3) Compared with the people who have ever made heterosexual relationship but do not associate fixed heterosexual people in current stage and the people who have not made heterosexual relationship, the people who currently associate with fixed heterosexual relationship are tending to recognize marriage rewards instead of marriage costs. (4) The people who used to attend the gender equity courses are tending to recognize marriage rewards more than the people who have never attended this kind of courses. (5) The people who used to participate in the gender equity workshops are tending to recognize some items in marriage rewards criteria and whole items in marriage costs criteria more than the people who have never participated in this kind of workshops. (6) The people who used to attend the marital and family classes are tending to recognize marriage rewards more than the people who have never attended this kind of classes. (7) The people who used to participate in the marital and family workshops are tending to recognize some marriage rewards more than the people who have never participated in this kind of workshops. 2. social-learning factors (1) The people who possess more rigid gender attitude are tending to agree that marriage contains both rewards and costs. (2) People are tending to recognize marriage rewards instead of marriage costs if their peers reveal their recognitions towards marriage frequently. 3. family factors (1) People are tending to recognize marriage rewards instead of marriage costs if their parents’ marriages are more harmonious. (2) People who have better parent- children relationships are tending to recognize marriage rewards instead of marriage costs. Second: the impact factors of marital values include gender, age, heterosexual relationship status, the experiences of attending or participating in gender equity courses/workshops, gender attitude, peers’ influence and parent- children relationship. 1. Age, heterosexual relationship status, gender equity workshops, gender attitude, peer’ s influences and the relationship between parents and children are all factors which influence the recognition of marriage rewards. 2. Factors including gender, age, heterosexual relationship status, gender equity courses and workshops, gender attitude and the relationship between parents and children would influence the recognition of marriage costs. At the end, the researcher also gives suggestions to the unmarried group, the content design of marital and family courses and to the future researchers based on the results of the study.
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