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Young children`s humor at free time with classmate in nursery school
The method of Qualitative Research is used to determine the students systematically from one of classes at nursery school, located in Taipei County. This study has mainly generated the detail information from young children who behave with the sense of humor in nursery school. The humor types and behavior patterns for young children at free time are being well-defined. The young children humor behavior are identified and analyzed, with respect to the gender, age as well as humor response. From February, 2005 to January, 2006, the total of 15 children, 6 boys and 9 girls, at the age between 2.5 to 3.5 years old are being chosen at the class of nursery school. Based on the individual feature and behavior pattern , the study concluded that the humor behavior would be primarily classified into 6 types：distracting humor、self-criticized humor、self-entertaining humor、external entertaining humor、devalued humor、and sharing humor。At the first period,「self-entertaining humor」 represented the leading percentage. At the second period, 「self-entertaining humor」、「external entertaining humor」are the top two types. Compared to the first period, the ratio for 「external entertaining humor」and「distracting humor」 improved ,but the ratio for「devalued humor」、「self-criticized humor」、「sharing humor」dropped slightly during the second period. Additionally, at the first period, only「distracting humor」 for boy groups are lower than girls groups; 「self-criticized humor」 are higher. At the second period, the girl groups are no difference with boy groups for all types . The humor behavior would be analyzed based on the factors of which cause children laugh, and classified in 5 patterns: release of anxiety, discussion of prohibited topic, self-superiority, fantastic speaking and action, and vocabulary or voice games, etc,. The percentage of「fantastic speaking and action」type during the first and second period are all at maximum level. At the first period and the second period, the girl groups are no difference with boy groups for all types . The study illustrated that the humor behavior are likely to conduct in a different way among the children even if they are nearly at the same age. According to the findings, some body languages such as personal falling would be considered as the special and interesting behavior for the younger children between 2 to 3 years old. However, the children from 3 to 4 years old would be more attracted to the vocal games. The study also represented that the children could develop the humor behavior at multiple levels during the semester period.
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