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The Association between Preschoolers' Life and Attention
ABSTRACT The purposes of this study were to explore preschoolers’ life and their attention, also to examine the relationship between both of them. The 504 preschoolers’ at the age of 4 and 5 participated in this study. They were recruited from twelve public preschools in Taipei. Each child’s father or mother completed “Preschoolers Life Questionnaire” and child’s teacher filled in the “Preschoolers Attention Scale.” By using descriptive statistics, the independent-sample t-test, the Chi-square test, the one-way ANOVA, and multiple regression, the results showed as following. 1.Preschoolers’ bedtime and wake-up time on weekdays are earlier than those on weekends. The total numbers of sleeping time on weekdays are less than those on weekends. The average of lunch break is 1 hour and 10 minutes. 2.Preschoolers all participate in leisure actives after school. The highest proportion of participants is the art-type leisure actives. Most of preschoolers participates four types of leisure activities. 3.Nearly half of preschoolers participate in talent learning after school. And the top of talent learning is art-type. Most of preschoolers participates one type of talent learning. 4.Girls’ sleeping time is more than boys’. Preschoolers whose mother is housekeeper sleep more than others. Preschoolers whose parents graduated from high school wake-up later on weekends than others. 5.Girls take part in leisure actives more than boys. Preschooler whose mother is housekeeper participates reading most. In contrast, parents are professional staff, and their preschoolers use electronic products least. 6.Girls take part in talent learning more than boys. The five-year-old preschoolers take part in talent learning more than those who are four. Preschooler whose mother is housekeeper participates sports most. 7.Preschoolers’ divided attention is better than sustained attention and selective attention. 8.The more lunch break in school, taking part in leisure actives and talent learning after school, the better preschoolers’ sustained attention. 9.The more lunch break in school, taking part in leisure actives and talent learning after school, the better preschoolers’ selective attention. 10.The more sleep on weekends and lunch break in school helps preschoolers have better divided attention as well as they take part in leisure activities and talent learning.
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