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A study on the correlation of secondary school married female teachers’ work stress, housework stress and marital satisfaction
Lin ya hsung
married female teachers
本研究採方便樣本配額方式取樣，共回收有效問卷841份，以spss for windows(10.0)進行資料分析，以t考驗、單因子變異數分析、皮爾遜積差相關及多元迴歸進行統計考驗，研究結果顯示：
The study aims to examine the correlation of secondary school married female teachers’ work stress, housework stress and marital satisfaction. The differences among variables mentioned above are also investigated to understand the predictability of these variables toward secondary school married female teachers with different background variables. The study conducts data gathering using the questionnaire survey method. The research tools include an “demographic information”, “working stress scale”, “housework stress scale”, and “marital satisfaction scale”. The subjects are married female teachers at the daytime program of public and private high schools and vocational schools across Taipei City, Taipei County, Taoyuan County, and Hsinchu County. There are 841 valid samples, and SPSS windows (10.0) is used to analyze the data. One-way ANOVA, T-test, Pearson Product-Moment Correlation, and Multiple Regression Models are used, and the results are as follows: 1. Secondary school married female teachers’ overall work stress falls somewhere between rarely feeling pressured and somewhat feeling pressured, and who tend to report occasionally feeling pressured when it comes to conflict between work and family. Those who fall between the ages of 36 – 45, with one child, with the youngest child under the age of 18, married under 10 years, and work as a homeroom teacher, are found with a higher level of work stress. 2. Secondary school married female teachers’ housework stress falls somewhere between rarely feeling under pressure to occasionally feeling pressured. Those ages between 36 and 45, with offspring, with youngest child aged between 7 – 18 (schooling age), and having been married between 11 – 20 years are found with a higher level of housework stress. 3. Secondary school married female teachers feel satisfied toward their marriage. Those ages between 27 and 35, with no children, and whose spouse being professional, people’s representative, the top administrator, business executive and manager are found with a higher level of marital satisfaction. 4. The higher the work stress of secondary school married female teachers, the higher their housework pressure would become. 5. The higher the work stress of secondary school married female teachers, the lower their marital satisfaction would become. 6. The higher the housework stress of secondary school married female teachers, the lower their marital satisfaction would become. 7. Married female teachers with a higher level of work stress also tend to have a higher level of housework stress versus a relatively lower level of marital satisfaction. 8. Spouse occupation and housework stress are good predictors of marital satisfaction. Those with spouse occupation as skilled workers and non-skilled workers are found with the lowest marital satisfaction, and those under higher housework stress also tend to have lower marital satisfaction. It is recommended that the subjects can further include elementary and higher educational teachers in future studies. Comparisons also can be done between public and private schools teachers. As to the research tools, in addition to the questionnaire, interview can also be conducted to make the result more complete.
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