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The Relations between Early Childhood Quality and Young Children’s Attitudes toward School
|Abstract:||本研究目的在瞭解大班幼兒對學校的態度，及幼教機構品質、幼兒性別、家庭社經地位、父母管教方式與幼兒對學校態度之相關。本研究隨機選取台北市9班私立立案幼稚園大班、113名幼稚園大班為研究對象，以半結構訪談、觀察法和問卷法進行。研究工具包括Harms、Clifford和Cryer（1998）編訂的「幼兒園環境量表修訂版」（Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale Revised Edition，簡稱ECERS-R）、「幼兒對學校態度量表」及「父母管教方式問卷」。
The purpose of this research was to investigate kindergarten children’s attitudes toward school and relationship between early childhood quality, children’s sex, family SES, and maternal parenting styles. The research selected 9 classes at random from registered kindergartens in Taipei and included 113 kindergartners. The methodology used in the study composes of questionnaire, semi-structured interview, and observation. The instrument of this study included ECERS-R（Harms, Clifford,& Cryer’s Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale Revised Edition）,”Children’s Attitudes toward School Scale ”and ”Maternal Parenting styles questionnaire”. The major results can be drawn as follow： 1. Overall, children had positive attitudes toward school. 2. Children tend to have positive attitudes toward autonomous activities and personal interaction, and they vary in their attitudes toward academic activities and group activities. 3. Children in high quality programs had more positive attitudes toward academic activities and personal interaction than children in low quality programs. 4. Children in high quality programs that had more positive attitudes toward routine tasks and school than in middle and low quality programs. 5. Children of indulgent parenting had more positive attitudes toward academic activities and group activities than under authoritarian parenting styles. 6. There was a child sex by programs quality significant interactive effect on children’s attitudes toward autonomous activities. Girls in the middle quality programs had more positives attitudes toward s autonomous activities than boys; boys in high quality programs had more positives attitudes autonomous activities than in middle and low programs. Findings listed above were discussed, and several suggestions were proposed for researchers.
|Appears in Collections:||學位論文|
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