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Text Analysis Of Multicultural Picture Books - Take Four Picture Books As An Example
multicultural picture book
This research adopts text analysis to analyze four multicultural picture books and ensures the objectivity and the integrity through Triangulation in researching. The spirit of multiculturalism includes understanding differences, respecting them and adopting them in social movements. This research focuses on the meanings of differentiation in multicultural societies. The researcher has consulted the references from the contents about how to foster pre-school children to have multicultural connotations from the outline of the pre-school curriculum and has selected four orientations, which are age, social and economic backgrounds, race, and physical and mental states. The researcher took these four orientations as references and chose one picture book from each orientation as research objects of this study. The books are Grandpa Tom, Mr. Dan-Fu, The Orange Horse, and I Am a Little Star. The author of this thesis analyzed the meaning of differentiation from the relationships between word elements, picture elements and the integrated meanings between words and pictures. The results of this research are as follows: 1) In the book of Grandpa Tom-the orientation of age, the author tried to present that even Grandpa is old, but he still attracts children to learn from him and to be his companions, whereas the mayor and the old-people capturing team treat Grandpa with isolation and discrimination and even try to hunt him down. This shows the disrespectful attitude toward the elders. This book describes the images of the elders to be energetic, childlike and strong to break down the stereotypes we have about elders. 2) In the book of Mr. Dan-Fu-the orientation of social and economic background, Mr. Dan-Fu is a rich person with a high social and economic background. He is humble and polite, enthusiastic in participating in public welfare and generous in helping villagers who are in need. However, under the alienation by a black-suited person, villagers from Bo-Duan Village start to feel jealous of Mr. Dan-Fu’s money. This book presents the greedy and lazy parts of humanity and thus leads to the bad ending of these villagers. The author gave rich people a new image. 3) In the book of The Orange Horse-the orientation of race, while the orange horse was looking for his brother, he found a house, a car and a lion with the same color as he, but he couldn’t make a connection with them. Until a brown horse showed up, even they have different skin colors, he started to have a chance to live with the brown horse and to become each other’s companion. Even though the orange horse and the brown horse can never put together a complete picture from the halves they have, they became best friends after they opened their hearts to each other. This book highlights the reason to stop friendship is not from the skin tone but from a closed mind. 4) In the book of I Am a Little Star-the orientation of physical and mental states, the author describes the stories of Little Star being bullied and mocked at school from the complement and the contrast of pictures. Although Johnny keeps bullying him all the time, Little Star still maintains purity and kindness and faces Johnny with courage. Even Little Star at the end feels upset, he is still confident. The author conveys the positive attitude and the ability to appreciate oneself that Little Star has. Therefore, this book is able to help pre-school children to learn to respect peers with different physical and mental states. By doing the research, the author found by highlighting multicultural picture books which give one the ability to discover differences, understand them, respect them and appreciate them, provides pre-school teachers with references when implementing multicultural teaching. The researcher provides suggestions to picture book creators, practical educators, and future research as references based on the results and conclusions of this research. Keywords：multiculturalism, multicultural picture book, textual analysis
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