Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/86530
Title: 泰國清萊府之中學漢語教育現況及其影響因素之研究
A Study of the Current State and Influential Factors of Chinese Teaching in Secondary Schools in Chiang Rai Province, Thailand
Authors: 信世昌
Hsin, Shih-Chang
林明明
Keywords: 漢語教育
華語教育
泰國
清萊府
中學
現況
Chinese Education
Chinese Teaching
Thailand
Chaing Rai
Secondary School
Issue Date: 2011
Abstract: 本論文旨在探討泰國清萊府中學漢語教育現況,以進一步釐清清萊府目前漢語教育的發展全貌。本文通過文獻分析、教師訪談以及行政人員與學生問卷調查進行研究,並針對所呈現的現象深入探究,找出清萊府漢語教育的影響因素,期望研究結果可供清萊府及其他地區於漢語教育發展參考之用。 研究結果顯示,教育局進行發展清萊漢語課程大綱與教材,以供清萊府中小學使用,但是現在學校並沒有積極使用;學校課室經營情況,老師以教材授課為主,而學生卻要通過「輕鬆愉快」的方式學習,多使用多媒體學習,學習行為屬於「被動者」,師生之間產生矛盾;有些學校開設多種課程如中文專業課程和國際標準課程,但仍缺乏多元化及比較適合的教材。此外,學校提供設備,可是缺乏學習資源;學生能力評估方面,教師注重學生讀和寫能力,而聽和說的評估確比較少,而且各校的評估標準不統一;漢語教師的校學法仍缺乏多元化,比較依賴教材及教師手冊。 本研究將清萊府漢語教育的影響因素總結為十項:1)中學開設漢語課是為了響應泰國教育部推動漢語教育的政策,有些學校在不具備的情況下開課;2)學校將漢語課納入為「國際標準學校計畫」中的第二語言課程,但是該課程時數較少,師資人力也不足;3)各校目前並未積極使用清萊府漢語課程大綱與校材;4)督學缺乏漢語知識,使推動漢語教育及教師督導方面不夠完善;5)各校漢語課程時數有差異;6)泰籍教師和母語者教師的分配比例不均及變動頻繁;7) 泰國教育部及清萊府推出《體驗漢語》及《漢語教程》是為了「統一」教材,但各校有教材選擇權,學校使用的教材仍五花八門;8)學生不積極求學行為,不利於漢語教育的發展;9)學校缺乏校學資源,而且老師不會利用教學資源在語言課堂上,而常用於課外活動,對學生的幫助不大;10) 泰國及清萊府在學生漢語學習的能力評量仍缺乏一定的標準。
This paper investigates the current state of Chinese language education in secondary schools in Chiang Rai Province, Thailand, with the goal of promoting understanding of the development of Chinese language education in Chiang Rai. The author conducted an analysis of relevant literature, interviews with teachers and surveys of administrative staff and students, in order to determine what factors have influenced Chinese language education in Chiang Rai. The author hopes this study can serve as a reference for the development of Chinese language education in Chiang Rai and elsewhere. The author found that the Education Service Area Office developed a Chinese language curriculum and teaching materials for Chiang Rai with the goal of standardizing Chinese teaching throughout the province. However, many schools have not yet formally adopted either the curriculum or the materials that had been developed, and have thus far only used content that relates to Chiang Rai. Furthermore, the teaching methods used by many teachers in Chiang Rai fail to focus students’ attention, and many teachers are overly reliant on textbooks. However, students prefer that teachers use multimedia and hope that the learning process could be made more relaxing and pleasant. Although students like Chinese and understand the benefits of learning it, they retain a passive attitude towards their studies. Teaching resources are also a major issue: some schools offer a variety of Chinese language courses, but still lack of teaching materials. Teachers rarely use all the facilities schools offer, and multimedia resources do not meet students’ and teachers’ needs. Finally, student assessment does not balance listening, speaking, reading and writing; instead the Ministry of Education’s exams focus mainly on reading and writing, with little attention paid to listening and speaking. There are currently no specific standards for learning Chinese in Thailand. The author found a total of ten factors that influenced Chinese education in Chiang Rai Province: 1) Secondary schools have started Chinese language courses in order to comply with the policies of Thailand’s Ministry of Education. Some of these schools started Chinese courses despite lacking the necessary resources. 2) Schools integrated Chinese classes into the World-Class Standard School Plan’s second language program, but these courses provide few course hours, and there is a dearth of qualified teachers. 3) Schools have not actively implemented Chiang Rai Province’s Chinese curriculum or teaching materials. 4) Supervisors lack knowledge of Chinese, which is detrimental to the promotion of Chinese learning and the supervision of Chinese teachers. 5) Chinese courses’ course hours vary from school to school. 6) Thai teachers and native language teachers are not evenly distributed between schools, and are frequently transferred. 7) The Thai Ministry of Education and the Chiang Rai provincial government promote “Experience Chinese” and “Chinese Language Course” as a set of “unified” teaching materials, but schools have the right to choose their own materials, so in fact a wide variety of materials are used throughout the province. 8) Students do not actively seek opportunities to study, thereby harming the development of Chinese education. 9) Schools lack resources, and teachers often use the resources available to them in extracurricular activities rather than in their classes, which is of relatively little help to students. 10) Thailand and Chiang Rai Province still lack clear Chinese language assessment standards.
URI: http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=%22http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=id=%22GN0697800443%22.&%22.id.&
http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/86530
Other Identifiers: GN0697800443
Appears in Collections:學位論文

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