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Intermediate Chinese Listening Curriculum Design for Leaners of Chinese as a Second Language in Taiwan
Teaching Chinese as a Second language
The purpose of learning a language is to communicate with others. Language learners must receive information correctly and effectively so as to respond appropriately. However, despite the importance of listening, the listening course, especially that of the intermediate-level, has largely been ignored in the field of TCSL in Taiwan recently. Therefore, this paper aims to develop a curriculum that aids the intermediate Chinese learners to adapt to the typical listening environment in Taiwan. Developmental research is the main research methodology of this study. This paper reviews the researches and samples of applications related to teaching Chinese listening as a second language, and the usage of visual aids and authentic materials in teaching listening. This paper also surveys and analyzes the current situation and materials available for developing listening skills in TCSL, and then designs the curriculum accordingly. According to the literature review, needs analysis, and a 4-hour of experimental teaching, the research of this paper found the results as follows. Firstly, it is necessary to develop a listening curriculum which is of multiple variety and its level of difficulty controlled for the intermediate Chinese learners. Secondly, visual aids help the intermediate learners to ‘understand new information’, to ‘recall old knowledge’, to ‘focus on the details’, and to ‘increase the motivation of listening’. Thirdly, the authentic materials, of which contents are by and large similar to the daily language usage of the Taiwanese, will be a great help for the intermediate learners to adapt to the real listening situation of every day’s life in Taiwan. Finally, the task-based listening classes, at which the learners are encouraged to think and to communicate with their classmates, will increase the learning motivation of the students.
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