Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/86387
Title: 華語讀寫課程設計與實踐--針對歐美華裔學生之行動研究
Chinese Reading and Writing: Curriculum Design and Implementation--An Action Reaserch on Chinese Heritage Students from America and Europe
Authors: 信世昌博士
孫懿芬
Keywords: 閱讀教學
寫作教學
課程設計
華裔學生
傳承語言
reading pedagogy
writing pedagogy
curriculum design
heritage students
heritage language
Issue Date: 2008
Abstract: 美國近年研究發現教育制度內的外語教育不符合傳承語言的學生(Heritage Students)的需求,他們受到了傳承語言(Heritage Language)和文化的薰陶,具有不同於一般外語學習者的能力。因此,近年針對傳承語言學生的教學方式及內容逐漸受到專家學者的重視。華語在美國亦屬於傳承語言,很多華裔學習者的語言背景可能是他們在校學習華語文時的助力,也可能在現有的教學制度及教學模式下成為他們學習的阻力。如何善用華裔學習者已具備的語言能力優勢,透過適性的教學模式,來迅速提升他們整體語言能力是本研究的重點。 本研究是以具備聽說能力,卻不會讀寫的華裔學習者為研究對象進行的行動研究。旨在針對這些華裔學生特殊的閱讀和寫作需求來設計最適合及最具成效的教學課程。研究過程中,首先針對華裔學習者的特徵及學習困難蒐集資料並分析,接著依照分析進行前導試驗,再根據前導試驗的結果設計教學課程,最後再以符合華裔學生需求的課程進行教學實踐。 經過兩個學期的教學實施,本研究根據教學成效提出了幾點教學建議。一、在語言知識的教學方面:1.有系統的教授六書、部首、部件等知識,以幫助學生運用這些策略記憶漢字。2.閱讀結合寫作同時教學:在語言課上融入經過設計的閱讀教學策略,並隨時反覆運用這些策略。閱讀輸入後,以寫作來呈現個人學習心得,同時檢測其語言輸出能力。二、以電腦科技輔助教學:以電腦可反覆練習和多元化特性來設計適合不同學習者的內容,同時培養學生使用電腦產出之能力。三、整體語言實踐方面:採任務型活動教學,以語言任務來擴大學生語言的使用範圍,由消極的認知學習到積極的整體能力表達,達到學習語言與人溝通的最終目的。
Studies in recent years have found that foreign language curricula in the US education system fail to meet the needs of heritage students. Influenced by their heritage language and culture, these students possess skills different from other foreign language learners thus drawing scholarly attention to teaching materials and methods regarding heritage language students. Chinese is considered a heritage language in the US, where many heritage learners of Chinese have an advantage in schools due to their linguistic background. However, this linguistic background might also become a learning impediment under the existing education system and teaching model. The main purpose of this study is to explore how to harness the linguistic advantages of heritage learners and, through appropriate teaching models, quickly improve their comprehensive language skills. This study conducts action research using as subjects heritage learners that can speak and comprehend Chinese but cannot read or write. The most suitable and effective curriculum is designed according to the special reading and writing needs of these heritage students. First, information on the characteristics of heritage learners and their learning difficulties is gathered and analyzed. Based on the analysis results, a preliminary test is conducted. A teaching curriculum suited to the needs of heritage students can then be designed and implemented based on the outcome of the preliminary test. After implementing the curriculum for two terms, this study proposes the following suggestions with regard to teaching. 1) Teaching of language knowledge: (a) systematically present the six types of Chinese characters, character radicals and components to equip students with strategies for memorizing Chinese characters; (b) combine reading and writing, incorporate designed reading pedagogy strategies into the language classroom, and repeatedly use these strategies. After reading input, assess the language output abilities of students by having them write reflections. 2) Use computers as teaching aids: a computer may be used for repeated drills and diversity in designing content suitable for a variety of learners, while concurrently developing students’ ability to type Chinese. 3) Comprehensive language in practice: assign language-based tasks to students to expand their range of language use. Such tasks allow students to move from passive, cognitive learning to a comprehensive ability of expression, thereby attaining the ultimate goal of learning a language – communication with others.
URI: http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=%22http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=id=%22GN0693240164%22.&%22.id.&
http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/86387
Other Identifiers: GN0693240164
Appears in Collections:學位論文

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