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Action Research on Course Planning of Chinese Learning Class for Taipei City New Immigrants
Chinese language classes
The purpose of this study is to discuss the contents and strategy of Chinese language teaching for new immigrants, and improve their ability in Chinese hearing, speaking, reading and writing. This study adopted literature review, questionnaire survey methods to explore the learning background, learning motivation, learning strategy and learning requirements of the new immigrants, planed the teaching units, designs the teaching contents, then taught the students of Chinese language classes by the method of action research, and made use of observation and interview to collect data. Finally, a study report was made by using the result of action research. The researcher planed the teaching courses based on the learning requirement of the new immigrants. The course contents include (1) being familiar with the phonetic symbol spelling system; (2) enlarging the vocabulary and understanding the vocabulary meaning; (3) practicing the daily conversation; and (4) learning to know, write and use Chinese characters. In the teaching action, the researcher carried on it in accordance with the teaching goal and teaching plan, the main contents include (1) phonetic symbol teaching; (2) vocabulary teaching; (3) conversation teaching; and (4) Chinese characters teaching. During the teaching process, after inspecting the advantages and disadvantages of action process by way of collecting data, the researcher modified the defects and took the action again until the teaching goal was reached. According to the results of teaching evaluation, the new immigrants’ ability in Chinese hearing, speaking, reading and writing has been improved after the implementation of the planned teaching action. The researcher summarizes the result of the action research as follows: In the planning of course:（1）It should focus on the basic course in contents;（2）The contents should be alive. In the teaching design:（1）The listening, speaking, reading and writing should be regarded as equally important;（2）Cooperate with teaching by activity. In the teaching process: Combine various teaching methods to carry on teaching. In the teaching evaluation:（1）Formative evaluation;（2）Summative evaluation. Finally, the researcher proposes four teaching recommendations:（1）Establish the firm language foundation; （2）Incorporate the cultural course into language course;（3）Carry on the teaching by way of activity;（4）Build happy learning atmosphere. It will be offered to the language teacher of new immigrants as the reference on teaching.
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