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An Analysis of Self-Repair Strategies in Chinese Conversation: Comparison between Native Speakers and Japanese Learners of Chinese
comparison between native speakers and non-native speakers
Japanese learners of Chinese
Repair is used to maintain fluent communication when speakers or listeners encounter problems in listening, speaking and understanding or may cause problems in communication. We often encounter problems in communication; during this time, we need to use repair. Therefore, repair plays an important role in conversation. There are fewer studies on repair in Chinese conversations than in Western language conversation, and the self-repair strategies in conversations between Chinese native speakers and Japanese learners of Chinese have never been studied. Thus, this study examines self-repair strategies in conversations among Chinese native speakers, and conversations between Chinese native speakers and Japanese learners of Chinese to find the characteristics of self-repair strategies in each conversation. Lastly, this study compares the characteristics of self-repair strategies between Chinese native speakers and Japanese learners of Chinese. This study uses the conversation analysis method. This study examines daily conversations among six groups of Chinese native speakers, and daily conversations between six groups of Chinese native speakers and Japanese learners of Chinese. After the researcher recorded the conversations, the data were converted into text and analyzed. The result of the study shows the similarity on the self-repair strategies of Chinese native speakers and Japanese learners of Chinese. Self-initiation methods are non-lexical initiation, lexical initiation, and non-detectable initiators; Other-initiation methods are open class repair initiators, WH-interrogatives, repetition with WH-interrogatives, partial repetition of the trouble-source, and understanding check. Self-initiated self-repair methods include repetion, substitution, addition, deletion, reorganization, completion, word searching, and abandonment; Other-initiated self-repair methods are repetition, substitution, addition, supplement, abandonment, and response understanding check. The self-repair sequence expansion is observed in the two type conversations, and the reason for the self-repair sequence expansion in conversations between Chinese native speakers and Japanese learners of Chinese is more than in the conversations among Chinese native speakers. Finally, according to the results of this study, the self-repair strategies are integrated into lesson plans of Chinese teaching, in hopes of enhancing future Chinese self-repair strategy teaching.
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