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The Evolution of Chinese Language Education in South Korea- Based on Public High Schools
South Korea High School
Chinese Language Education
Chinese Language Curriculum
This research studies the evolution of Chinese language education through the review of South Korea’s national curriculum. After liberation from Japan, South Korea experienced a syllabus period for ten years. The foreign courses of high schools during this period of time seemed to set English and second foreign languages into their syllabus. However, the syllabus of foreign language only incorporated the English language, without including other second language course syllabus. After this period, South Korea underwent seven different changes of national curriculum change. The Chinese language education for the first and second curriculum change focused on reading and writing, with most teaching material being Chinese literary works. Starting from 1970, South Korea underwent their third curriculum change, starting to focus on listening, speaking, reading and writing. The fourth incorporated basic phrases but teaching was centered around traditional Chinese and Bopomofo. The fifth focused on communication and overall assessment. The sixth divided its curriculum into Chinese (I) and Chinese (II), incorporating in-depth education. The seventh included Chinese culture related content, providing students with understanding of Chinese culture. Up till 2015, South Korea experienced three other national curriculum amendments, which were learner-centered, with various teaching materials which are closely linked to student life. The objective is to allow students to incorporate what they learned into daily lives and allow them to communicate with others using Chinese language.
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