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The purpose of this study was to probe into the relations between care stressors, resilience and well-being of the major caregiver in a family with disabled elders; and to examine the moderating effects of resilience of care stressors and well-being on the major caregiver. Questionnaire investigation was adopted, and the sample in this study consisted of 240 major caregivers who come from Family Caregivers Association in Taipei City, New Taipei City, Nantou County, and volunteers of one medical institution. The questionnaire contents were divided into four parts: Stressor Scale, Oxford Happiness Inventory, CD-RISC, and the basic information of the caregivers with disabled elders. The collected data was analyzed through descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation analysis, and hierarchical regression. This research discovered that, first of all, the overall care stress of major caregiver is in mid-level, in which the stress resulted from living restraint is the most; second, the behavior on four resilience levels of major caregiver is positive, between mid-level and high-level; last, on the well-being part, major caregiver gained more well-beings when he/she offered less caring time, less service types, had lower overall stress, and higher resilience. Furthermore, the variables of caregiver’s residence and the care receiver’s disability did influence the caregivers’ feelings over well-being significantly. As for the results of the moderating effects of resilience of care stressors and well-being on the major caregiver are shown as following： 1、The overall resilience didn’t moderate the negative effects of well-being caused from overall stress. 2、Under the circumstances of high stress, the “tolerance of stress” resilience of major caregivers is effective on moderating the negative effects on well-being, which caused by “the felling of burden” stress, “living restraint” stress, “conflicts between family members” stress, “shortage of social support” stress, “shortage of knowledge of care skill” stress; and has the positive moderating function. On the other hand, under the low stress circumstances, resilience did not have any moderating function. Finally, this research brought up some advices in connection with policy and practice field based on the research outcomes, expecting the major caregiver could effectively reduce stress whilst increase the feeling of well-being.
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