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The cognition and quality indicators of kinship foster care among social workers
kinship foster care
This research is to find the reason why kinship foster care domestically can't be developed properly and to start with social workers’ cognition of kinship foster care, including the advantage, disadvantage and the range of kinship. Moreover, the quality indicator for social workers to review the kinship foster care will be discussed as well. Thus, the appropriateness of quality indicator applied in nonkinship foster care can be taken into consideration if it is applied in kinship foster care. This research samples are composed of child protective social workers in government section, and social workers from the two institutions: Taiwan Fund for Children and Families, and World Vision of Taiwan. The method of census was used and all options of social workers were collected through questionnaires. There are 525 questionnaires dispatched and 355 copies were returned. The return rate reached 67.6% and valid questionnaires were 336 copies. The result will be listed as the followings. According to the result, some relative suggestions for social workers’ cognition of kinship foster care, quality indicator of kinship foster care and other aspects were raised in order to improve kinship foster care in the future. The Results: 1.The organization that social workers belong highly supports kinship foster care. However, it is not applied appropriately in reality. 2.Social workers identify with most of advantage and disadvantage of kinship foster care and some opinions of theirs for some advantage and disadvantage are different from ones of overseas researches. 3.Social workers think that people of no blood relations but of strong emotional bond to a child can be kinship foster family. The lineal relatives can also become kinship foster family. Blood relations are better within three degrees. 4.The quality indicators for social workers to review the kinship foster care are as the following.（1）Family conditions are required.（2）The training needs to be contained in kinship foster care. Yet the training can be replaced with methods which are different from the ones applied nowadays.（3）Foster care licenses are required but can be obtained in due course after children are settled.（4）Social workers’ supervising and visitation are required and the frequency is the same as foster families.（5）Foster care payments are required.（6）The more social workers agree that lineal relatives become kinship foster family, the more they will agree for payments of foster care and extra subvention to lineal kinship foster family. 5.Social workers think that sexual abuse children by parents are not suitable for kinship foster family. But more than half of social workers think that children of substance abused parents or abused children can be settled in kinship foster family. 6.The more social workers agree with the advantages of kinship foster care, the more they agree that training can be replaced with other methods and foster care license can be obtained in due course after children are settled. The more social workers agree with the disadvantages of kinship foster care, the more they tend to family conditions, training and supervising visitation. Besides, social workers tend to non-payments for kinship foster care.
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