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A Study on the Successful Aging Experiences of Elderly Living Alone : Stories of Six Old-Old Female Volunteers
Elderly Living Alone
關鍵字：獨居老人 成功老化 志願服務|
This study aims to investigate the Successful Aging experiences, and the adjustment processes in order to achieve Successful Aging of Elderly Living Alone. Six Old-Old female volunteers were chosen as participants from two Seniors Service Centers in Taipei City. In-depth interviews were used and the theme of interview included: social relations, mental health and positive spirituality, physical health, and economic life. The research findings were summarized as follows: 1.The Successful Aging experiences (1)Social relations: They joined the services of community care stations/temples or supported their neighborhood. They left the services due to physical changes or family needs. (2)Mental health and positive spirituality: They had negative emotions due to their children’s leaving home or spouse’s death. They worried about deteriorating health or an accident at home. They tried to seek help from the religious power to reduce their negative emotions. (3)Physical health: They can overcome with vision loss, Osteoarthritis, or decline of physical ability, and were willing to learn how to prevent accidental injuries. They did personal sports or participated community sports activities to remain healthy. (4)Economic life: They all had their own house and financial supports from rents, heritages or government subsidies. 2.The adjustment processes of achieving Successful Aging (1)Social relations: Volunteering had a positive effect on adult learning, life enriching and social supports. (2)Mental health and positive spirituality: The theoretical perspective on the strategies of “selective optimization with compensation” (SOC) can be supported. Religion is another important factor for the happiness of old people. (3)Physical health: They were actively involved in daily activities. (4)Economic life: The stable income sources from family members, NGOs or government also helped them have the sense of economic security. Key words: Elderly Living Alone, Successful Aging, Volunteers
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