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Taiwan Provincial Legislature
Taiwan, after the closing of the Second World War, was at the time of great changes from the termination of Japanese occupation to the restoration to the embrace of her motherland. Taiwanese people, on one side, were teemed with eager anticipation in their hearts; on the other side, the civil war was raging in the mainland, giving complexities and misgivings to what promised to evolve. Hence, to have comprehensive historical data searched and collected is critical to the study of the postwar Taiwan history. Based on multi-faceted and dialectical contemplation on the history, together with solidly planned textual research efforts, this dissertation aims to reconstruct the historical interpretation of the Taiwan postwar period from an objective and tolerant viewpoint. A historical-structural approach was adopted by this study. Due to the fact that Taiwan, after World War II, was encountered with unprecedented radical changes, including the release from colonial rule and restoration to Chinese National Government. From the outside were the wobbling of U.S. China policies and the quick and sudden reverses of the civil war situation, while various internal factors existed in political circumstances, such as effects of political movements launched starting Japanese occupation period, impact of 228 Incident and four repeated replacements of provincial level officials. All such factors interacted with one another as reciprocal causation during the changes and transitions, and upset the general situation. During this period, Taiwan Provincial Legislature, the highest legislative body in Taiwan at that time, participated in the planning and consultation of local self-government throughout her tenure of five years and seven months, overcoming various difficulties with its entire energy, and successfully assisted in the implementation of local self-government. With Taiwan Provincial Legislature as a core, this dissertation investigated the interactions between Taiwan Provincial Legislature and the four provincial level officials in the planning of local self-government, administrative performances at various stages and other structural factors that influenced decision-making. In terms of references and citation, on the ground of previous researches conducted by predecessor scholars worked in this field earlier, this study has collected more official archives and documents from the provincial government and National Archives Administration while original official documents of Taiwan Provincial Legislature preserved by Taiwan Provincial Consultative Council, people's petitions and legislators' opinions stated in the assembly are further cited as dainty and complete support to arguments exhibited in the dissertation. What this dissertation aims to present to the academic circles are: 1. to comb out historical data and restore historical facts to their original states; 2. to prove false of certain settled opinions based on rediscovered historical facts. The process of administrative division, a spatial factor wielding greatest influence on the future among many other factors involved in local self-government, is the main scope of discussion in this dissertation and would be verified or falsified with theories and framework in political science as well as positive historical data and experience from real practices.
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