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interpreting the doctrine
Abstract Since 1987, Da Jia Jenn Lann Temple has created the the cross-strait religious exchange, which initiated a great fervor of going on the pilgrimage to the ancestral temple in mainland, and so far, the cross-strait religious exchange activities are becoming more frequent and more pluralistic day by day. This article attempted to investigate the fact of the cross-strait religious exchange activities in the 21 years from 1987 to 2008, and try to explore the influencing factors of the cross-strait exchange activities. For the first question, this article chose and discussed deeply five relatively representative exchange patterns among the cross-strait religious exchange over the past 21 years, which included searching the roots and going on the pilgrimage to the ancestral temples, interpreting the doctrines, religious festivals, charitable works, and religious researches, etc. Moreover, this article discussed the issues of the cross-strait religious exchange with the viewpoint of church-state relation; viewed it as a guideline to collect the materials and information and used it to build up the research hypothesis and research structure as well. This article discovered the change in the cross-strait national policies, political systems and religious policies, which carved the opportunities of the cross-strait religious exchange. Meanwhile, the interaction between religious factors and church-state relation was the motivator to strengthen the cross-strait religious exchange. Through the discussion of the above-mentioned five patterns, the author concluded that there were nine common factors which influenced the cross-strait religious exchange. Among them, there were three political factors: 1.the peace cross-strait regime, 2. the changing of cross-strait regime, 3. the mainland national policy, two religious factors: 1. Taiwanese religious leaders’ concepts and charisma, 2. Taiwanese religious organization and volunteers, and four church-state relation factors: 1. interactions between the cross-strait religious policy and religious groups, 2. mainland’s state-over-church tradition, 3. the fact that Taiwanese religious groups were autonomous but respected the cross-strait system, 4. the interactions between cross-strait political leaders and Taiwanese religious leaders. This article applied the integral conceptions in political science and religious to sum up the complex cross-strait religious exchange phenomenon, also review and rebuild the discussion of church-state relation in political science over the past 21 years, and create a new research vision of the interactions between politics and religion in the future. Keywords:church-state relation, religious exchange, religious policy, interpreting the doctrine, roots searching
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