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A Research on Food Security Policy in Taiwan
LI TZU YI
Taiwan agriculture policy
As the on-going process of globalization, military force is no longer an important element of security of the world. It is emphasized that various aspects of non-traditional security is much higher than traditional security issues. Food security is one of the non-traditional security issues. Particularly after the outbreak of the food crisis in 2008, food security became a focus which more countries paid more attention just want to prevent food crisis. Taiwan’s food self-sufficiency rate is about 32%, rice, as one of the primary food, is maintained at the level of 90%. Other important cereals, such as wheat, corn and soybean, which self-sufficiency rate are only 2%. Taiwan’s food self-sufficiency is declining and much lower than other countries, such as USA, EU, Japan, and Korea. Although the government is improving food self-sufficiency rate, the agricultural situation in Taiwan has faced many problems which must be adjusted in order to improve self-sufficiency rate and enhance the food security. This research is based on the concept of food security under the framework of non-traditional security. This thesis is going to explore the reason behind global food crisis in 2008 and the problems of Taiwan's agriculture situation facing, and how the policy should be adjusted.
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